The Hindu Scriptures


The teachings of the Hindu seers comprise the religion known as Hinduism or Hindu dharma. The holy texts that contain these teachings are known as the Shastras or scriptures.

Who is God? Where does He dwell? What does He look like? How are we related to Him? Why should we strive to realise Him? One may learn all these from the Scriptures. Moreover, the Scriptures teach us the methods of realising God. How are we to bring put the Divinity within us? What are the obstacles in the way? How are we to get over them? How should we behave? What acts are we to perform? What acts are we to refrain from? The Scriptures teach us all these as well.

The Hindus have been treading the path of religion for scores of centuries. Throughout this period countless earnest souls have reached the goal of religion by realising God. Many of these sages struck new paths leading to the same goal. Thus many methods of reaching perfection were discovered in this holy land by the Hindu sages. This is why the Hindu Scriptures., unlike the Scriptures of other religions, are many in number and variety. Moreover, the need of explaining religion to different classes of people gave rise to different classes of Shastras.


Of these many and diverse Hindu Scriptures, the oldest are the Vedas. The rest derive their origin from HINDUISM AT A GLANCE the Vedas. The Vedas are based on direct revelation. This is why they are called Shruti and their authority is unquestioned. All other Hindu Scriptures owe their authority to the Vedas and are known as Smriti.

The Vedas are older than any other Scripture of the world. Derived from the Sanskrit root vid which means ‘to know’, the word Veda came to mean ‘knowledge of God\ As the creation is infinite and eternal, so is the knowledge of God infinite and eternal. Hence Veda, as knowledge of God, is inexhaustible and it exists eternally in the universe. Portions of this knowledge were discovered by hundreds of Hindu seers, and these we find recorded in what has come dowrn to us as the Vedic texts. The Hindu seers who discovered these are known as the Vedic rishis. It is worth noticing that in the Vedas more prominence is given to the truths discovered than to the discoverers. As a matter of fact many of the rishis did not care even to leave their names behind.

The Vedas are four in number. They are known as Rig-Veda, Sama-Veda, Yajur-Veda and Atharva- Veda. Each of these consists of two sections, namely, Samhita and Brahmana. The Samhita section contains hymns or mantras and the Brahmana section dwells on the meaning and ‘use of these hymns.

The Hindus of yore would not worship gods and goddesses in images as we do now. Their worship consisted in reciting hymns (mantras) and offering oblations in sacred fire. This kind of worship is called yajna (sacrifice). The Brahmana sections of the Vedas describe the various kinds of yajna. The mantras contained in the Samhita sections have to be recited in course of the yajnas. From the Brahmana sections one may learn when, how and which mantras have to be recited during the performance of any yajna.


Certain portions of the Vedas are known as the Upanishads. They are also called Vedanta either because they occur towards the end of the Vedas or because they contain the cream or essence of the Vedas.

The bulk of the Vedas deals with details related to yajnas. The yajnas, that is, the ancient modes of worship, are nothing but ceremonials to be performed for purifying one’s mind so that it may become fit for i receiving the knowledge of God. Hence this portion , of the Vedas concerned mainly with ceremonials (karma) is known as the Karma-kanda. On the other hand, the portions of the Vedas known as the Upanishads dwell primarily on the knowledge of God. This is why they constitute what is known as the Jnana-kanda of the Vedas.

Where and how does God exist ? How are man and the universe related to Him ? How and why- should one try to realise God ? What does exactly happen when one realises Him ? All these may be learnt from the Upanishads (or Vedanta). The Upanishads are many in number. Each of the four Vedas contains several Upanishads. Of these the following may be remembered : Isha, Kena, Katha, Prashna, Mundaka, Mandukya, Aitareya, Taittiriya, Chhandogya, Brihadaranyaka and Shwetashwatara.


Some sages like Manu and Yajnavalkya compiled codes or manuals of Hindu life. These are known particularly as Smritis, though the term Smriti in a broader sense covers all Hindu Scriptures except the Vedas. From these Smritis by Manu, Yajnavalkya and other sages a Hindu learns how he has to spend his entire life. They instruct him as to how he should behave at different periods of his life (ashrama) and also what special duties are enjoined on him due to his birth in a particular social group (varna). These also describe all ceremonies connected with the domestic life of a Hindu. Moreover, these lay down domestic and social laws for the Hindus, and some of these are operative even under the British rule.

These Smritis, in short, prescribe certain acts and prohibit some others for a Hindu according to his birth and stage of life. Their sole object is to purify the mind gradually so that one may advance step by step towards perfection. They are no doubt based on the teachings of the Vedas. Yet it is to be noted that their injunctions (vidhi) and prohibitions (nishedha) are related to the particular social surroundings. As these surroundings of the Hindu society changed from time to time new Smritis had to be compiled by the sages of different ages and different parts of Hindusthan. Thus Raghunandana’s Smriti is of a much later age than Manu’s and it is applicable particularly to the Hindu society of Bengal. As our present-day society has changed considerably since the days of the last Smriti-maker, time is perhaps ripe for a fresh Smriti for the Hindus of our days.


The knowledge of God found in the Vedas gave rise to six different schools of thought. The sages Jaimini, Vyasa, Kapila, Patanjali, Gotama and Kanada introduced these different schools. Each of them wrote what is known as a Darshana ; and the six together are known as Shad-Darshana. Purva Mimansa, Uttara Mimansa (Vedanta), Sankhya, Yoga., Nyaya and Vaisheshika are the six Darshanas named in order of their authors mentioned above. Each of these is written in a peculiar style, namely, in aphorisms (sutras). The sutras of Sanskrit grammar remind one of the style of the Darshanas. These terse sutras of the Darshanas require explanation and these naturally gave rise, in the course of time, to a vast number of notes and commentaries on each of the Darshanas.

Of these Darshanas, the Purva Mimansa deals with the Karma-kanda of the Vedas and the Uttara Mimansa with the Jnana-kanda. The latter is derived directly from the Upanishads. This Darshana com- posed by the great sage Vyasa is also known as Vedanta Darshana or Brahma Sutras. This may be said to be one of the corner-stones of the Hindu religion. Great saints like Sri Shankaracharya and Sri Ramanujacharya in later days wrote brilliant commentaries on this Vedanta Darshana.


The Darshanas are no doubt very stiff. They are meant only for the learned few. For the common folk another class of Scriptures was brought out by the Hindu sages. These Scriptures are called the Puranas. Through these, religion is taught in a very easy and interesting way. The teachings are driven home through inspiring stories and parables. Moreover, glimpses of the ancient history of Hindusthan may bt had through the Puranas. We have eighteen Puranas in all. Of these the names of the following may be remembered: Vishnu Parana, Padma Pur ana, Vayu Purana, Skanda Purana, Agni Purana, Markandeya Purana and Bhagavata. A portion of the Markan- deya Purana is well known to all Hindus as Chandi. Worship of God as the Divine Mother is its theme. Chandi is read widely by the Hindus on sacred days.


Like the Puranas the Ramayana and the Mahabharata are two very popular and useful Scriptures of the Hindus. These are two epics (Mahakavya) pro- duced by the sages Valmiki and Vyasa respectively. They are classed as Itihasas (histories) and they give us interesting stories through which all the essential teachings of Hinduism are stamped on one’s mind. These have been translated in many Indian vernaculars. It is through these translations that the bulk of the Hindus get acquainted with their religion.


A portion of the Mahabharata is known as the Gita. The Mahabharata describes the battle of Kurukshetra. The Kauravas and their cousins, the Pandavas, were the contending parties. Of the five Pandava princes, Arjuna was the third and the greatest hero. Bhagavan Sri Krishna chose to be his charioteer. Just on the eve of the great battle Bhagavan Sri Krishna explained the essentials of the Hindu religion to Arjuna. This sec- tion of the Mahabharata containing the teachings of Bhagavan Sri Krishna is known as Shrimad-Bhagavad Gita. Just as the Upanishads contain the cream of the Vedas, so does the Gita contain the cream of the Upanishads. Of all Hindu Scriptures the Gita has come to be by far the most popular one.


The Upanishads, the Vedanta Darshana and the Gita are grouped together and called the Prasthancttraya. These are looked upon as the basic Scriptures of the Hindu religion. They are highly authoritative. The founders of the important sects of Hinduism had to base their teachings on the Prasthanatraya. Only they interpreted it in different ways and came to different conclusions, such as Advaita-vada (monism), Vishishtadvaita-vada (qualified monism) and Dvaita- vada (dualism).


There is yet another group of Scriptures known as the Tantras. These dwell on the Shakti (energy) aspect of God and prescribe numerous courses of ritualistic worship1 of the Divine Mother in various forms. The texts are usually m the form of dialogues between Shiva and Parvati. In some of these Shiva, as the teacher, answers the questions put by Parvati ; in others the goddess is the teacher answering Shiva’s questions. The former texts are known as Agama and the latter as Nigama. There are numerous Tantras, of which sixty-four are said to be prominent. The fol- lowing may be remembered: Mahanirvana, Kularnhva, Kulasara, Prapanchasara, Tantraraja, Rudra Yamala, Brahma Yamala, Vishnu Yamala and Todala Tantras.


Allied to the Tantras are the Pancharatra Samhitas of the Vaishnavas and the Shaiva ^gamas.1 Like the Tantras, these also claim to present easier cults and doctrines more suited to this age (Kali Yuga) than the Vedas. Unlike the other Scriptures mentioned above* these do not derive their authority from the Vedas, to which, however, they are not openly hostile. Another feature of this group of sacred texts is that they are open to all castes and both the sexes after they are initiated (dikshita).

Of the Pancharatra Samhitas, though two hundred and fifteen separate texts are mentioned, the names of the following may very well be remembered: Ishwara, Paushkara, Parama., Sattwata, Brihad-Brahma and Jnanamritasara Samhitas.

There is a traditional list of twenty-eight Shaiva agamas, each with a number of Upagamas. Of these however, only fragmentary texts of twenty are extant.


What is Yantra

 Kālī (Mahavidya) yantra

In the world of astrology, Yantras play a very important role. Yantras are geometrical figures inscribed on a metal sheet or paper that work on energies pertaining to the particular God. The yantras are based on Vedic techniques and represent various mantras. There are mainly eight surfaces on which yantras can be inscribed, such as gold, silver, copper, crystal, birch, bone, paper, and Vishnu stone.

Yantras are made of circles, triangles, squares and dots as all these symbolize cosmic energies and powers. A person is required to see the Yantra and light a lamp before it everday in the morning. It is believed that doing this is very auspicious and the believer is blessed with a lot of success and wealth if he performs yantra puja (prayer) regularly.

Durga YantraDurga yantra

The significance of Yantra

The Yantras are very powerful and they help in bringing peace, prosperity, success, good health and protection to the believers. They help if a person is trying to attain a particular result but is getting obstacles in the way. They can help a person in their personal lives and also in enhancing performance at work. The Yantras are made of mystical inscriptions of several planets in the universe that aid a believer in leading a content and happy life. They are related to planets as each of these planets have either good or bad effects, and yantras are believed to remove their harmful effects and increase their positive effects.

Yantras are designed in a way to relate with the five elements of nature – earth, water, fire, air and sky – and when one performs prayers regularly, it is said that they get a certain amount of power to control the nature for their own advantage.

Tara YantraTara yantra

Yantra Siddhi Puja and its Importance

There is a belief that according to Vedic tradition, a Yantra will give the best results only if it is activated by a siddhipuja. It is a special kind of puja that is performed by learned Purohits who recite the Vedic mantra of that particular God. It is important to find out whether this puja has been performed by the seller before purchasing a yantra.

Ganesh YantraGanesha yantra

Types of Yantra

There is a big list of Yantras that are available in the market but one needs to be special careful about their authenticity. It is best to buy them from a well know shop or a website if you want to get the desired results. At present, there are a variety of yantras available such as Sri Yantra, Kuber Yantra, Vyapar Vriddhi Yantra, Baglamukhi Yantra, Gayatri Yantra, Durga Beesa Yantra, Kaalsarpa Yantra, Vashikaran Yantra, Mahamrityunjay Yantra, Surya Yantra, Navgraha Yantra etc. These yantras are for different purposes and a person can select any of them according to his own needs. They can be used to bring success, power, wealth, fame, prosperity, business, health, family’s well being etc. Let’s find out a bit more about the most popular Yantras amongst them all:

Sri YantraShree yantra

This yantra is extremely beneficial for attaining fame, power and monetary success. It is good for political leaders and senior level officers.

Kuber Yantra – Kuber_Yantra_

Lord Kuber is the God of wealth and prosperity, and therefore, Keber Yantra is very effective for gaining financial success and it also helps in accumulating wealth.

Vyapar Vriddhi Yantra — This yantra is mainly aimed at increasing the sales, turnover and profits of a person’s business, and it blesses the owner with success, progress and prosperity in work.

Baglamukhi Yantrabagalamukhi_yantraBagalamukhi Yantra

This yantra is very useful for defeating enemies, winning law suits and getting success in competitions. It also prevents one from diseases and helps people in recovering from scars, surgeries and accidents.

Gayatri Yantra – The Gaytri yantra is very beneficial for gaining spiritual power, peace of mind and overcoming all ill effects of planetary positions in your horoscope.

Durga Beesa YantraDurga Bisha Yantra

This Yantra, if worshipped through beej mantra during Navratras, gives extremely good results. It is very powerful for getting what one desires, removing obstacles and winning over enemies.

Kaalsarpa YantraKalsarp-Yantra

This is meant for people born under the Kaal Sarp Yoga. A person with this problem can worship this yantra to remove the ill effects in their horoscope.

Vashikaran Yantra – This Yantra is for those who want to win someone’s love and wish to bring their beloved under their control. It helps a person in getting the desired partner.

Mahamrityunjay YantraIF

It is a powerful yantra that prevents people from sickness and diseases. It helps a believer in attaining good health, wealth and, success by relieving him of terrible diseases.

Surya Yantra – This Yantra helps a person in getting fame, success and power. If a person loses his job or is having troubles with colleagues, this yantra is advised.

Navgraha Yantra16022011050

Nabagroho Yantra

This Yantra represents all nine planets of the universe. It is extremely useful in neutralising the negative effects in one’s horoscope.

Ram Navmi

sri ram

Lord Ram-A real reflection of truth and morality

Lord Ram is regarded as the most pious, spiritual and dutiful human being of Satyayuga (the Age of truth and Justice). Seventh avatar of Lord Vishnu god Ram is also regarded as Maryada Purushottam Bhagwan Ram. Saint Tulsidas has truly portrayed prestige characters of Lord Rama in Ramcharitmanas-retelling of Sanskrit Ramayan in vernacular language Awathi. During Golden age, Ram was born in reign of king Dasharatha. Elder son Ram of Dashrath and Kaushalya is true idol of fortitude. Without giving any argument son Ram followed all guidelines given by father Dashrath. Kakai who was the second wife of Dasharatha never wanted elder son Ram to take over the reign of Ayodhya, and wished that her own son Bharat would attain throne of Dasharath. And this greed of Kaikai convinced husband Dasharath to give 14 years exile to son Ram. But Lord Ram was the real picture of magnanimous-without uttering a single word he obeyed and deeply respected words of father Dasharath. It is believed that lord Ram is a real icon and inspiration of truth and justice. Incarnation of Lord Vishnu bhagwan Ram was born during the golden age. Lord Rama is also remembered for his faithful dedications towards relations, and so he is also regarded as Maryada Purushottam Ram.

Ram Navmi – Devotion of devotes

During Ram Navmi Hindu people welcome the commemoration of birth of Shri Ram . During Navmi, shrines and temples of Lord Ram is beautifully decorated with an eye-catching touch of magnificent lights and mesmerizing colorful flowers. Devotees embellish their pooja ghar with installation of idol or picture of Ram. All family members stand together and chant bhajans and arti in honor of Lord Ram with full of devotion. Many believers also arrange grand worship like ‘Akhand Path’ at home and invite neighbors or near people to attend this religious occasion. After continual reciting of lessons of Akhand Path, bhajan, kirtan, arti of shri Ram is chant to enchant God Ram, and then delicious blessed food is distributed.

Ram Bhajan

Shri Ram Chandra Kripalu Bhajaman Haran Bhav Bhay Darunam

Nav Kanja Lochan Kanj Mukh Kar Kanj Pad Kanjarunam |

Kandarp Agunit Amit Chabi Nav Neel Nirad Sundaram

Pat Peet Manav Tadit Ruchi Suchi Nomi Janak Sutavaram |

Bhaju Deen Bhandhu Dinesh Danav Detya Vansh Nikandanam

Raghu Nand Anand Kand Koushal Chand Dashrath Nandanam |

Sir Mukut Kundal Tilak Charu Udar Angam Vibhushanam

Ajanu Bhu Shar Chap Dhar Sangram Chit Khar Dhushnam|

Iti Vadati Tulsi Das Sankar Sesh Muni Man Ranjanam

Mam Hridaya Kunj Nivas Kuru Kamdi Khal Dal Ganjanam|

Chant above given bhajan to delight Lord Ram.

Vastu Jag

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Vastu Jag is performed for cutting off the obstructions due to Vastu, or for Vastu shanti. It is very powerful puja and haman. 53 Devtas are worshipped in Vastu mandal. In the Vaasthu Mandalam, Vaasthu devathas are invoked and prayed. For them Kushmandam, (piece of Pumpkin,) Laja, Anna (boiled rice.) are offered to them. This is called Vaasthu Bali. \ Thila vreehi, (Mixture of gingili and rice), \ Ajya (ghee) \ Palasha samith \ Doorva (a type of Grass) and \ Annam (boiled rice.) are offered. Some people are doing this homa with “Navagraha homa”. It is called “Sa graha makha vaasthu homa”. Kalasha, Navadhanya daanas given. This homa can be done in the night also.


Vastu is a part of Sthapatya Veda (Vedic Architecture). According to the Vaastu shastra, energy imbalances in the home are the cause of obstacles in one’s progress. Sometimes there are faults in construction to add to any innate problems with the present energy of the environment. This Yagya is highly recommended when moving into a new home.It removes all evil and negativity of the home, improves the health of the residents, increase creativity & inner intelligence, increase the longivity of life, growth in spiritual & material life, increase harmony and stability in family.


In commercial place by performing Vastu yagya, it improves the efficiency of employees, expansion & profit in business. The process involves energizing the actual ground or bhoomi, the foundations, the central pillars and the entrances of the house. It is also highly beneficial if some one is not living in a house according to vastu. It corrects the Vastu dosha when performed periodically. For more pictures click on the following link:

To perform this yogya anybody can contact me.


In Astrology Moon is the signifactor of the MIND. Since Moon is the HEAVENLY BODY CLOSEST TO THE EARTH, the magnetic influences of all other planets reach EARTH through the Moon.

Also since the mind is ruled by Moon and all influences on the HUMAN BEING whether PHYSICAL, MENTAL, PSCHYOLOGICAL OR SUPERNATURAL effect the HUMAN MIND. The HUMAN BODY which is ruled by SUN may or may not respond to the mental / psychological / supernatural influences.


Tantra & Tantric Poojas


Tantra is derived from the two Sanskrit words – Tanoti, meaning to expand, & Trayate, meaning to liberate. It is the Hindu science of expanding and liberating the soul. It encompasses almost all the spiritual practices of the Hindus – like Pooja, Stotra, Mantra, Yantra, Yoga, Meditation etc.

Unfortunately quite a few people have projected Tantra as some kind of a witchcraft & medieval sexual ritual. So strong is this myth that today a tantrik is looked upon as the practitioner of some gruesome rituals to hook people for his advantage. Nothing is farther than the truth. The same goes with their interpretation of the word “Kama”. In Sanskrit the word “Kama” means desire – desires of all kinds like, hunger, thirst… to sex. But once again it is sensationalized by playing to the gallery by mentioning only sex. What is even more gruesome is that the various names of the Divine mother are sexyfied. Kamakshi becomes the sexy eyed Goddess and Kamaroopini becomes sexy looking Goddess!

Tantra aims at enhancing each and every aspect of human life, because to attain liberation, one must become perfect. First one must perfect ones physical & mental faculties, and then learn to control them and sublimate them, and then convert and divert them to rise the soul to higher levels of spiritual progress. It enables you to perfect and control anger, hunger, thirst, hatred, ego, concentration, psychic faculties etc. It also teaches you to perfect and control sex, which is a part of our daily natural life. But to pick on this three letter word only and to project tantra as a four letter practice is ludicrous jocundity.

As one raises higher in the spiritual ladder, one gets various siddhis or what are being described as “powers” like intuition, mind reading, healing, future gazing, mesmarising etc. At this stage some people get carried away and forget the main goal and succumb to displaying and using these powers to gain money & fame. Fully self realised gurus like Sivananda, Satyananda, Chinmayananda rise their disciples to their level but these semi-elevated fake “Gurus” stoop down to the level of their hankering disciples and their crash is imminent.

There are a lot of ancient tantrik texts which give details of various principles and practises of tantra. The Yogini Hridaya, Sri Tripura Rahasya, The Todala Tantra (which gives the dasa mahavidyas of Kali, Tara, Sodashi (Tripurasundari), Bhuvaneshvari, Cchinnamasta, Bhairavi, Dhumavati, Bagalamukhi, Matangi and Kamala), Matrikabheda tantra, Devi Rahasya tantra, Vamakeswari tantra, Gandharva tantra, Mahanirvana tantra, Mantra Mahodadhi, Mantra Yoga Samhita, Mantra Maharnava, Mantra Muktavalîi, Mantra Kaumudi, Tattvananda Tarangini, Yogini Tantra, Gupta Sadhana Tantra, Devirahasyam are just some of the important works in tantra.

The Soundarya Lahari by Adi Shankara also has a special place in tantra.

For details click on the following link:

Tantra & Tantric Poojas


Introduction to Indian Vedic astrology

Indian astrology is popularly referred to as Vedic astrology. This is not because it is there in the Vedas. There is no mention of astrology in the Vedas. However, it is one of the Vedangas, i.e., limb or branch of Vedas, and dates back to the Vedic period. Several of the Poojas and remedial measures prescribed in the Indian astrology are as per the Vedic system. Hence, it is called Vedic astrology.
The Vedangas are six in number. They are: Siksha or phonetics, Kalpa or ritual, Vyakarana or grammar, Nirukta or etymology, Chhandas or metrics and Jyotishya or astronomy and astrology. These are mentioned in the Upanishads.

It is impossible ascertain the exact time of origin of our astrology. Even the most famous historians differ wildly, from 1200 BC to 2500 BC while trying to fix our Vedic period. A lot of them, especially the westerners, still study India based on the Mahenjadaro and Harappan discoveries, which were discovered in the 1920’s!! Several archeological discoveries of recent times date our culture to 7500 BC, making it the ancient most civilization in the world. Our astrology has details of the horoscopes of Lord Krishna, Lord Rama and many other ancient Indian kings and queens, recorded thousands of years ago. The Bhishma Parva and Udyoga Parva chapters of Mahabharata mention many astrological descriptions and omens just before the Mahabharata war. It also describes a period of draught with several planetary combinations. There is also a very clear reference about two eclipses, a solar eclipse and a lunar eclipse occurring, creating a rare 13 day lunar fortnight. Available scientific research data shows that the Mahabharata war must have occurred either in 3129 BC or 2559 BC. According to the Hindu Panchangas, maintained from ages, Kaliyuga era is counted from February 17/18 midnight 3102 BC. Hindu epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana have been written off as myths by the western historians. However the recent discovery of the submerged ancient city Dwaraka, (the site of the legendary city of Lord Krishna, which got submerged in the sea after the death of Lord Krishna), led by Dr. S.R. Rao of the Marine Archaeology Unit of the National Institute of Oceanography of India lends a lot of credence to our mythology. Various texts attribute the origin of Indian astrology to various gods and Rishis. It is futile to ascertain who was the originator. The most popularly followed astrological classics today are the ones written by Rishis like Parashara, Varahamihira, Garga, Jaimini and their followers. People in those days had no satellites or telescopes and yet the planetary positions and their motions recorded by them are as accurate as the planetary positions and degrees recorded today using the space satellites. Our ancient astrologers used their divine intuition to record these planetary movements and their effects on us. For details click on the following link:

Introduction to Indian Vedic astrology