Gems and their effects

SANYO DIGITAL CAMERA zircon amethyst bluesaphhire catseye coral emerald_001_big hessonite pearl pinksapphire ruby tourmaline yellowsaphhire

Ruby, the gem stone ruled by Sun

Ruby is the gem stone ruled by Sun. In Sanskrit, Ruby is called ratnaraj. It occurs as Red and transparent variety of mineral corundum. It is a very brilliant, hard, durable and wearable stone. The qualities of Ruby is purity of colour, heavy specific gravity, coldness of touch, flawless and transparent clarity, brilliance and good proportions. The color ranges from pigeon blood red, bluish red to yellowish red. Red is the cosmic colors transmitted by Rubies. A Ruby is a symbolic beauty, health, love, passion and friendship. It makes a person bold and courageous and eliminates depression. It enhances name and fame. It fosters integrity, devotion, happiness, healing, courageous, romance and passion. It also evokes warmth, inspiration, prosperity, high energy and leadership ability.

Ruby Characteristics

Species: Corundum

Transparency: Transparent

Color: Red, Pink and oringish-voletish-purplish-pinkish-blackish-red

Refractive Index 1.763-1.770

Birefringence: 0.008

Pleocheroism: Strong dichorism

Crystal system: Hexagonal

Optic character: Doubly refractive

Specific gravity: 4.00

Mohs hardness: 9

Dispersion: 0.018

Flourasense: Long wave-weak to strong red

Identifying visual Finger print inclusions, hexagonal growth lines, silk and strait branding characters

Sources: Persian Gulf, Burma, Venezuela, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Cambodia & Vietnam

Other uparatnas: Red Spinel, Red Garnet, Rube let

Pearl, the gem ruled by Moon

Pearl is the gem ruled by Moon. It is a lustrous concretion mainly of mother of pearl or nacre which is the substance forming the inner layers of mollusc shells. The pearl is the abnormal growth due to a minute particle invading the body of a mollusc and becoming coated with the layers of nacre. Both marine and fresh water molluscs produce pearls. Fine pearls have a even, smooth texture without any flaws in the nacre. Shape, size and colour are significant. They come up in many shapes and varieties. A Bouton pearl is hemispherical and solid irregular shaped pearls are known as Baroque. The hemispherical are considered to be the best. Pearls are available in white, black, rose to cream colors. Orange is the cosmic color transmitted by pearl. A good pearl strengthens mental faculties, calms emotions and increase of peace of mind. This is an excellent gem for meditation. It inspires purity, honesty, innocence, integrity, concentration, meditation and tranquility. It is prescribed for deficiency of calcium, heart diseases, diabetics, insanity and other mental diseases.

Pearl Characteristics

Species: Natural pearl

Transparency: Translucent to opaque

Color: White, pink, cream, rose, yellowish, blue, greenish, black and gray

Refractive Index: 1.530-1.686

Crystal system: Aggregate

Specific gravity: 2.7

Mohs hardness: 2.5-4-5

Flourasense: Long wave-inert to strong, short wage inert to moderate

Identifying visual Orient, gritty texture when rubbed on teeth, best way to separate natural characters, cultured X-radio graph

Sources: Natural Oyster pearl- Persian Gulf, Sri Lanka, Valenzuela, Bengal, Mumbai, Australia and South Pacific.

Other uparatnas: Moonstone

Red Coral, the gem ruled by Mars

Red Coral is ruled by planet Mars. The name pf the Coral is derived from Greek word ‘Koraillion’ and signify the hard and calcareous skeleton of the coral animal. It is a part of large scale of marine invertebrates characterized by a calcium carbonate or horny skeleton called coral. Corals are divided into two sub classes based on the differences in their radial symmetry of eight tentacle animals each with an internal skeleton or six tentacles. The Red Coral belongs to the eight tentacle sub class. Yellow is the color transmitted by Corals. It is available in red, pink, reddish orange and orange tones. Blood red and pink red corals are considered to be the best. A red coral removes obstacles and averts accidents. In financial matters, it is an asset for the native and makes him debt free. It nullifies Kuja dosha and promotes marriage. It promotes creativity, passion, wisdom and enthusiasm.

Red Coral Characteristics

Species: Coral

Transparency: Translucent

Color: Red, pink, reddish orange and orange

Refractive Index: 1.486-1.658

Crystal system: Aggregate

Specific gravity: 2.65

Mohs hardness: 3.5-4

Dispersion: 0.038

Identifying visual Wavy parallel fibrous structure, uneven fracture with dull luster characters

Sources: Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Persian Gulf, Coasts of Algeria, Taiwan, Spain, Italy, Japan, Australia, Tunisia, Taiwan, Spain

Other uparatnas: Carnelian and Blood stone

Emerald, the gem ruled by Mercury

The term Emerald is derived from French term ‘Esmeralda’. It is a very fascinating gemstone and has the most beautiful, intense and radiant green color. From mineralogical point of view, emeralds are beryllium aluminum silicates and belong to the large gemstone family of beryl. It has traces of Chromium and vandalism, that are responsible for the fascinating color. It is a hard stone and chips easily. It is mostly cut in a rectangular step cut popularly known as Emerald cut. The best Emeralds are those that display rich color, emit a soft glow,glisten with gold particles and do not have any blemishes. Green is the color transmitted by Emerald. According to Vedas, Emeralds promises good luck and enhances well being. It institutes psychic powers. In medical terminology, it is good for general health, nervous system. It promotes love, romance, joy, memory, faith and intelligence. It shields the native from poisonous snakes and envious persons.

Emerald Characteristics

Transparency: Transparent

Color: Green, Yellowish green and bluish green

Refractive Index: 1.577-1.583

Birefringence: 0.005-0.009

Pleocheroism: Weak to strong diction

Crystal system: Hexagonal

Optic character: Doubly reflective

Specific gravity: 2.72

Hardness: 7.5-8

Dispersion: 0.014

Flourasense: Long and short wave inert to weak green

Identifying visual Typical three and two phase inclusions characters

Sources: South America, Africa, India, Pakistan, Russia and Egypt

Other uparatnas: Green Jade, Green Tourmaline, Green Diopside , Green Aquamarine

Yellow Sapphire, the gem ruled by Jupiter

Yellow Sapphire is ruled by the planet Guru. It is also called Pukaraj, is the yellow variety of the Corundum family. It is hard and brilliant stone. Pure Aluminum Oxide crystallizes into splendid gem stones by the pressure of heat in the depth of the ground. It is available in various shades ranging from light yellow to orange and brownish tones. The gemstones should be evenly colored, flawless and well shaped. Light blue is the cosmic color transmitted by Yellow Sapphire. It symbolizes universal love, affection and spiritual knowledge. It is very helpful for progeny and child birth. It is excellent in financial matters and business stability. In medical astrology, it is prescribed for calcium deficiency, heart diseases, insanity and mental diseases.

Yellow Sapphire Characteristics

Species: Corundum

Transparency: Transparent

Color: Light, golden, brownish yellow, pinkish and orange yellow

Refractive Index: 1.762-1.770

Birefringence: 0.008

Pleocheroism: Strong dichorism

Crystal system: Hexagonal

Optic character: Doubly reflective

Specific gravity: 4.00

Mohs hardness: 9

Dispersion: 0.018

Flourasense: Colorless sapphire, long wave inert to strong reddish, short wave inert to moderate orange

Identifying visual Finger print inclusions, hexagonal growth lines, silk and strait color branding characters

Sources: Burma, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Vietnam

Other uparatnas: Yellow Topaz, Citrine, Heliodor, Golden Pearl

Diamond, the gem ruled by Sukra

Venus is regarded the brightest planet only after the sun and the moon in the sky. Venus or Shukra is the teacher of demons. He is also allotted the office of a minister in the nine planets Solar system. It is to be said that Lord Shiva imparted the knowledge of making the dead alive (Mrityusanjivini Vidya) to Shukra. Venus (Shukra) is also important because of its association with the science of mantras and medicine, tantra, the casting of spells, hypnotism, mesmerism and alchemy. It is also called the god of fine arts, love, beauty and attraction. At one side it provides pure maternal love in human life. The gem stone of Venus is the diamond.

Diamond, the king of gem abounds in chemical values and it is the most precious mineral. It is famous for its surprising luster, hardness and beauty.

Chemically, Diamond is found that it is a solid carbon. Diamond gemstones are found in mines and plains too. Diamond colour is white as well as of other colours. Diamond gemstone looks like the source of the divine dazzling light of the stars in the sky. According to astrology Diamond represents the Venus planet. If the Venus planet has weak position in the horoscope and the man has the Taurus or Libra sign of the zodiac, he can improve his destiny by wearing diamond. By wearing diamond inferiority complex of its wearer vanishes and brightness is seen on his face and many other qualities generate in him automatically. The persons of the opposite sex are attracted to each other by wearing diamond.

The wearing of diamond is much beneficial to poets, painters, artists, actors and sellers of perfumes and ornaments and their makers too. Diamond gemstone is advantages to confectioners, hoteliers, gold sellers, doctors and sellers of sugar and rice.  The wearers of diamond can be saved from ominous things and evil spirits such as witches, ghosts, black magic and even the effect of poison also decreases. Diamond gemstones increases the stamina and makes the marital life happy and permanent. Diamond gemstone also improves health, checks untimely death also. Diamond gemstone is advantageous in diseases like epilepsy, impotency, rheumatism, hydrocil, shortage of semen and other sexual diseases.

Uparatnas: Zircon, White Sapphire.

Blue Sapphire, the gem ruled by Saturn

Blue Sapphire is ruled by Shani. It belongs to Corundum family. It is harder than any other gem but diamond and it has no cleavage plane, so it cannot be cut with single blow like diamond. In fact a synthetic sapphire is used to for scratch resistant watch crystals, optical scanners and other instruments because its durability can be trusted. A good sapphire should have a fine, evenly distributed color, it should be free from flaws and to cut proper proportions for brilliancy. A rare variety of this gem is called Maha Neela and it is known to tint with the color of milk with blue. Violet is the color transmitted by this gem stone. It protects danger while travelling and eases mental unrest and various forms of madness. It alleviates long term misfortunes causing by change of place. It is fine, brilliant, deep blue Burmese varieties can dazzle the eye.

Blue Sapphire Characteristics

Species: Corundum

Transparency: Transparent

Color: Blue, greenish blue, blackish blue, gray blue, purple and violet

Refractive Index: 1.762-1.770

Birefringence: 0.008

Pleocheroism: Strong dichorism

Crystal system: Hexagonal

Optic character: Doubly reflective

Specific gravity: 4.00

Mohs hardness: 9

Dispersion: 0.018

Flourasense: Light blue sapphire, long wave moderate to strong pink, purple and violet : : sapphire: Long wave inert to strong reddish violet, short wave inert to moderate violet.

Identifying visual Fingerprint inclusions, hexagonal growth lines, silk and strait color branding characters

Sources: Burma, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cambodia, India, Vietnam, Australia, Brazil

Other uparatnas: Tanzanite, Blue spinel, Kynite, Blue Zircon, Amethyst

Hessonite, the gem ruled by Rahu

Hessonite / Gomeda is the gem ruled by Rahu. It belongs to Grossularite clan. The word Hessonite is derived from Greek word esson that means inferior as these gems are regarded to be less valued. It is a gemstone from garnet family. Magnets which pulls them is the very special phenomenal feature. It has smoky red luster and good quality stone has an orange luster with copper colored sparkle. Ultra Violet color is transmitted by this gem. It averts devastators, protects from accidents and evil spirits and brings wealthy and prosperity to the wearer.

Hessonite Characteristics

Species: Grossularite

Transparency: Transparent

Color: Golden orange, brownish orange and reddish orange

Refractive Index: 1.74-1.75

Birefringence: -

Pleocheroism: -

Crystal system: Cubic

Optic character: Singly refractive

Specific gravity: 3.61

Mohs hardness: 7

Dispersion: 0.028

Flourasense: Inert

Identifying visual: Roiled internal appearance, garnet inclusions, anamolus, double refraction characters strained colors may be visible and strain colors may be visible in polariscope

Sources: Sri Lanka, Africa, India, Burma, Brazil, Australia, Mexico, Russia, Italy, USA

Other uparatnas: Orange zircon, Sepessarite

Cats Eye, the gem ruled by Ketu

Cat’s eye is the gem ruled by Chrysoberyl ruled by Ketu. With a carbon cut, a light colored line appears and that moves as the gem is turned giving a stone resembles to the eye of a cat. This phenomena called asterism is caused by a parallel arrangement of fine fibers of either foreign substance or minute hallow tubules. Infra red is the color transmitted by this gem. The gemstone builds determination, strength of mind, steadfastness, will power, courage, vigor, self-control, intelligence and knowledge.

Cats Eye Characteristics

Species: Chrysoberyl

Transparency: Transparent to translucent

Color: Yellow, greenish yellow and brownish yellow

Refractive Index: 1.746-1.755

Birefringence: 0.009

Pleocheroism: Weak to strong dichorism

Crystal system: Orthorhomic

Optic character: Doubly reflective

Specific gravity: 3.73

Mohs hardness: 8.5

Dispersion: 0.015

Flourasense: Nil

Identifying visual Strong cat’s eye looking light band caused by minute reflection on included characters crystal fibers and also natural and fingerprint inclusions

Sources: Sri Lanka, Brazil, South India and Burma

Other uparatnas: Tourmaline

Astrology for Beginners

Learn Astrology – Part 1 : Generally most of the people are interested in astrology and want to learn this ancient science. But the biggest roadblock and most difficult question they face is – where to start learning from?

Quite a few succeed in finding a guru with their persistent endeavor, but these gurus teach astrology in such a complicated way that scares off even the earnest aspirants. Most of the astrologers begin teaching with birth-chart making; and its complicated mathematical calculations diminish learners’ enthusiasm and frighten them away. And rest of the pupils run off after hearing complex and high-sounding terminology of astrology.

If certain basic principles are followed sincerely, it can make astrology learning a pleasant and fulfilling experience. Those who want to master science of astrology must always bear these points in their minds:

  1. Begin studying astrology in step by step fashion.
  2. Until a principle is understood completely, do not move to the next one or the other book.
  3. Do not just read, but assimilate whatever is read.
  4. Do not read astrology books without guidance of an experienced guru. Reading more books can confuse you, as there are many junk astrology books in the market.
  5. In the beginnings, pay your attention toward analyzing birth-charts rather than making them.
  6. Initially start analyzing the birth-charts of your friends and relatives who you know well.
  7. As far as possible, learn Sanskrit synonyms of English words used in astrological terminology.

One can advance rapidly in his endeavor to learn astrology, if one keeps above points in mind and stick to them.

Astrology can be divided in two sections: mathematical astrology and predictive astrology. Mathematical part of astrology mainly contains creation of birth chart. In this part of astrology, different positions of the planets are calculated on the basis of time and place etc. On the other hand, predictive astrology is used for foretelling events of future. In this series, we will discuss mathematical portion later and initially focus on predictive astrology. At the time of child-birth, a map of the positions of planets in the cosmos is created, and this map is known as birth-chart or janma kundali. There are various software available in market these days that can be used to calculate mathematical data required and to create birth-charts.

Entire astrology is based primarily on nine planets, twelve signs, twenty-seven Nakshatras and twelve houses (Bhava). Generally predictions are based on permutations and combinations of these elements. Names of nine planets are as follows:

Planet Sanskrit Name
Sun सूर्य (Surya)
Moon चंद्र, सोम (Chandra, Som)
Mars मंगल, कुज (Mangal, Kuja)
Mercury बुध (Budha)
Jupiter गुरू, बृहस्पति (Guru, Brihaspati)
Venus शुक्र (Shukra)
Saturn शनि (Shani)
North Node राहु (Rahu)
South Node केतु (Ketu)

Sun and Moon are considered to be a star and a satellite respectively according to the modern astronomy. But Indian astrology uses word Graha which is translated to Planet in English and includes Sun and Moon for predictive purpose. Similarly, North Node (Rahu) and South Node (Ketu) are astronomical points, and also called Graha (Planet) for predictive purpose.

Indian astrology is earth-centric. Zodiac is a circular belt and all planets seem to be moving on this belt. If this zodiac is divided into twelve equal parts, each part is known as a zodiac sign. These twelve zodiac signs are Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius and Pisces. Similarly, when this zodiac is divided into twenty-seven equal parts, each part is called a Nakshatra. We will discuss about Nakshatras at length later in this series.

Mathematically a circle is of 360 degrees. Therefore one zodiac sign, which is one-twelfth of zodiac, comprises 30 degrees. Nonetheless, there is no need to go much into the mathematical portion and it is enough to know now that each zodiac sign is of 30 degrees.

Each sign is governed by a planet. Let us have a look at it:

Zodiac Sign Sanskrit Name Governing Planet
Aries Mesha Mars
Taurus Vrishabha Venus
Gemini Mithun Mercury
Cancer Karka or Karkata Moon
Leo Simha Sun
Virgo Kanya Mercury
Libra Tula Venus
Scorpio Vrishchik Mars
Sagittarius Dhanu Jupiter
Capricorn Makar Saturn
Aquarius Kumbha Saturn
Pisces Meena Jupiter

Part 2: In previous article of this series, we learnt about zodiac signs, planets and their ownership. Those were very important concepts and, if possible, try to memorize those concepts. Now, we are going to know about categorization of planets and signs, which is crucial for learning predictive astrology. If you have not read that article, it is recommended to read Part-1, before proceeding to this part.

Firstly, planets are classified into two groups namely benefic and malefic as follows:

Natural Benefic Planets: Moon, Mercury, Venus and Jupiter are considered benefic by nature

Natural Malefic Planets: Sun, Mars, Saturn, Rahu and Ketu are considered malefic by nature

Generally, Moon and Mercury are not always benefic. Full Moon i.e. the Moon near Purnima is considered benefic, while ‘No Moon’ i.e. Moon near Amavasya is believed not to be benefic. Similarly, if Mercury is placed with benefic planet, it is considered benefic and if placed with malefic, it is considered malefic. In other words, nature of Mercury depends upon the nature of planet influencing it.

It should be remembered that all natural malefic planets do not always produce negative results. Similarly, all natural benefic planets do not always give positive results. Good or bad effect depends up on several other factors like ownership, placement and aspects etc. We will discuss these factors later.

Let us start with first factor i.e. sign placement. Generally, any planet gives positive results in exalted sign (uchcha rashi), own sign (swa-rashi), and friendly sign (mitra-rashi) in this order. In other words, exalted planets give best results, planets in own sign give second best results and planets in friendly sign gives third best result, if we want to quantify. On the other hand, if a planet is positioned in debilitated sign (neecha-rashi) or enemy’s sign (shatru-rashi), it is not capable of giving good results

This table summarizes exalted, debilitated and own sign of planets -

Serial No. Planet Exalted Sign Debilitated Sign Own Sign
1 Sun Aries Libra Leo
2 Moon Taurus Scorpio Cancer
3 Mars Capricorn Cancer Aries, Scorpio
4 Mercury Virgo Pisces Gemini, Virgo
5 Jupiter Cancer Capricorn Sagittarius, Pisces
6 Venus Pisces Virgo Taurus, Libra
7 Saturn Libra Aries Capricorn, Aquarius
8 Rahu Sagittarius Gemini
9 Ketu Gemini Sagittarius

Some points to be noted from above table:

  1. Exalted and debilitated signs of a planet are always seventh from each other, e.g. Sun is exalted in Aries, the first sign of zodiac, and debilitated in Libra, the seventh sign of zodiac.
  2. Sun and Moon are lord of just one sign. While Rahu and Ketu are not lord of any of the signs. Other planets are lord of two signs each.
  3. Rahu and Ketu don’t have their own signs. Even exalted and debilitated signs of Rahu and Ketu are not well-accepted by all the astrologers.

It is also required to understand friendship and enmity of planets for predictive astrology. Planets are neutral, friendly or inimical to other planets as follows:

Planet Friend Enemy Neutral
Sun Moon, Mars, Jupiter Saturn, Venus Mercury
Moon Sun, Mercury None Rest of the planets
Mars Sun, Moon, Jupiter Mercury Rest of the planets
Mercury Sun, Venus Moon Venus, Saturn
Jupiter Sun, Moon, Mars Venus, Mercury Saturn
Venus Saturn, Mercury Rest of the planets Jupiter, Mars
Saturn Mercury, Venus Rest of the planets Jupiter
Rahu, Ketu Venus, Saturn Sun, Moon, Mars Jupiter, Mercury

This is very important table and should be memorized. If you find it difficult to memorize initially, there is no need to get frightened. Eventually with the time and practice, you would learn it automatically.

I am sharing a simple but rough formula to memorize above table. Roughly we can classify planets into two groups that are inimical to each other:

Group 1: Sun, Moon, Mars and Jupiter

Group 2: Mercury, Venus, Saturn, Rahu and Ketu

As I said earlier, this is just a rough formula and there are some exceptions to it which you can note down from above table.

How to use above table? Those planets, which are placed in the signs of friendly planets or located with friendly planets, produce positive results. Similarly, if a planet is situated in sign of enemy planet or positioned with an enemy planet tends to produce diminished positive results.

Let me take an example. You can see from above table that Saturn and Sun are inimical to each other. So if Sun is posited in sign of Saturn i.e. Capricorn or Aquarius or Sun is situated with Saturn, it will not be able to give its good results. In other words, Sun will be weak in giving its results. On the other side, if Sun is with Moon, Mars or Jupiter who are friendly to Sun or in their signs, it should generally give good results.

That is all for this week. In next article, we will discuss about birth-chart, signification of planet/ house/ sign and their use in astrology.

Part 3: Now we will learn how to interpret diagram of a birth chart. We will also get to know concepts like ascendant and house etc.

A birth-chart (also called Kundli or Horoscope in India) can be called a map of planetary positions at the time of birth. There are several different ways of portraying birth-chart in different parts of India. Mainly horoscope is drawn in three major ways – north Indian style, south Indian style and Bangla (East Indian) style. To keep it simple, we will restrict our discussion to north Indian style only.

A birth chart tells about the position of planets in houses and signs. We have already discussed about the planets and zodiac sings, and we will talk about houses a little bit later. In north Indian diagram of birth chart, ascendant sign is written on very first place and then signs are shown from right to left. It means signs are depicted “anti-clock wise” and the number corresponding to zodiac sign is shown in each box. It can be understood better with following example chart:

1

Houses (Sanskrit: भाव): To understand what is house, we will have to forget all the numbers and names of planets in above example chart for a while. Above birth chart diagram can be decamped in 12 boxes, out of which eight are triangular and four are rectangular in shape. In these four rectangles, topmost rectangle is considered to be “ascendant” or the “first house”. This It has been depicted in gray background in above example chart. Position of ascendant is always fixed in the birth chart. So when we have to find out ascendant, we look at the position of grayed box above. Anything written in that gray box will be called in “first house.”

When we start counting anti-clock wise from first house, the next position arrived thus is known as second house. The next one from second house is called third house and so on. In Sanskrit, house and ascendant are known as bhaav (भाव) and lagna (लग्न) respectively.

House-lord (Sanskrit: भावेश)

As we know, “house” and “sign” are two different concepts. The numbers written in horoscope denote zodiac signs, e.g. “11” can be seen written in first house, which shows that eleventh sign i.e. Aquarius is in ascendant or first house. Similarly, the 12th sign or Pisces is situated in second house. We have studied in previous lesson that lords of Aquarius and Pisces are Saturn and Jupiter respectively. Therefore, in astrological language we will say that lord of first house is Saturn (because ‘11’ is written in first house). In same manner, lord of second house is Jupiter.

The lord of first house is also known as ascendant-lord. Similarly, lord of second house is called second-lord, lord of third house is called third-lord and so on. So in example chart we can say that Saturn is the first house lord, Jupiter is the second house lord and so on.

Position of planets in houses

If we start counting from gray rectangle to the house where Venus and Rahu are placed in example chart, we will count up to 5. Thus, we can say that Rahu and Venus are posited in fifth house. Similarly, Moon and Mars are in sixth, Saturn, Sun and Mercury are in seventh, and Jupiter and Ketu are in eleventh house. This is known as position of planets in different houses.

Position of Planets in signs

It is comparatively easier to determine position of planets in zodiac signs. The number written in the box where planet is posited shows position of the planet in sign. In above illustration, ‘3’ is written in the box where Venus and Rahu are placed, so we can say that these planets are in 3rd sign i.e. Gemini. In similar fashion, Moon and Mars are in Cancer sign because ‘4’ is written in the box where they are posited.

Before finishing this week’s lesson, I would like to repeat it that position of planets in houses and signs are two different concepts. When it comes to houses, the topmost rectangular house is considered the first one irrespective of the number written there. The numbers written are not important for determining the position of planets in houses. These numbers convey zodiac signs and therefore they are used to ascertain the position of planets in different signs.

Part 4:

In astrology, predictions are based on nature and significations of planets, signs, houses, and their inter-relations.

Astrology treats planets as living being; signs and houses are like those areas, where planets travel. Relationships of planets with each other, with zodiac signs and with houses etc. determine the predictions.

Just like living beings, planets have “nature” in astrology. Other than this, planets also have “significations”. It is of utmost importance to understand the difference between “nature” and “signification”. I have observed several times that even many famous astrologers do not understand this distinction clearly and thus commit mistakes in predictions.

In simple words, “nature” tells about “how” and “signification” answers “what”. Let us understand it more clearly with the help of an example. Suppose that Sun is posited in 10th house in Aries. In such situation, what results will Sun give? A table depicting the significations of houses is given below, which tell us that tenth house signifies business and trade. So “what will Sun give?” is answered with “Sun will give business.” And how is this business or trade going to be? – It is going to be in accordance with the natures of Sun and Aries. Sun is an aggressive planet and Aries is ruled by Mars that is also aggressive. It shows that the business can be of aggressive nature. In other words, native can either be in defense or in sports, where aggression is a necessity. Similarly, a prediction is made by combining the nature and signification of planets, signs and houses.

All the living and non-living things are signified by planets and houses. Because all these things cannot be discussed here, therefore we will discuss only some important significations. Let us first have a look at different houses and their significations:

First house: It signifies birth, head, nature, body, organs, age, looks, height and caste etc.

Second house: It shows money, monetary gain, eyes, face, voice, economical condition, family, food, tongue, teeth, death and nose etc.

Third house: It depicts younger siblings, courage, fear, ears, strength and mental balance etc.

Fourth house: It indicates pleasure, education, vehicles, heart, property, house, mother, relatives, domestic animals and buildings etc.

Fifth house: It suggests progeny, intelligence, laudable actions or work, charity, entertainment and gambling etc.

Sixth house: It points at diseases, bodily deformity, troubles caused by foes, tension, wound, litigation, brothers of mother and depression etc.

Seventh house: It stands for marriage, wife, sex, travel, death, business and partners etc.

Eighth house: Age, misfortune, vice, loan, enmity, sudden death, problems, suffering, pleasure or pain in this life as per karmas of previous lives and afterworlds etc.

Ninth house: It tells about father, luck, guru, praise, effective work, religion, donation and virtues of past births.

Tenth house: It describes occupation, business, trade, fame, class, rank, authority, domination and family business.

Eleventh house: It is used to contemplate benefit, elder brothers, profit, jewelry, fulfillment of longing, monetary gain and success etc.

Twelfth house: It denotes spending, agony, moksha, poverty, actions out of enmity, charity, loss in theft, bondage, left eye, bed pleasure and leg etc.

 

Part 5: In last lesson, we studies about signification of houses. We also learnt the difference between ‘signification’ and ‘nature’. This week, we are going to learn about planets. The signification and nature of planets are as follows:

Sun
Nature: It is square shaped, short height, dark red color, man, warrior (Kshatriya) caste, vice planet, Satwa guna, fire element and Pitta nature.
Signification: It controls king, father, copper, trees with fruits, small trees, wheat, bones, head, eyes, brain and heart.

Moon
Nature: It is spherical, woman, Vaisya (business-class) caste, Sattva Guna, Vaat-Kapha nature.
Signification: It controls white color, mother, mind, art, white tree, silver, sweet, rice, chest, saliva, lungs and eye sight.

Mars
Nature: It has muscular body, square, cruel, aggressive, man, warrior (Kshatriya) class, Tamo-guni, Fire element, Pitta nature.
Signification: It shows red color, siblings, war, arms, thief, wound, daal, Pitta, blood, muscles, operation, ears and nose etc.

Mercury
Nature: It is thin, impotent, business class (Vaishya), neutral planet, Rajoguni, earth element and consists of all three Vaat, Pitta and Kapha natures.
Signification: It indicates green color, grams, mother’s brother, mathematics, trade, speech, tongue, voice, sex related diseases, dumbness, laziness and skin diseases.

Jupiter
Nature: heavy fat body, man, Brahmin, pleasant, Sattva Guna, space element and Kapha nature.
Signification: It depicts yellow color, Vedas, religion, devotion, gold, wise, guru, fat, Kapha, swelling, home, education, sun, progeny, marriage and kidney etc.

Venus
Nature: It is beautiful, female, Brahmin, charming, Rajoguni, water element and Kapha nature.
Signification: It signifies white color, beautiful clothes, beauty, wife, love affair, sex, nuptial bliss, poetry, singing, eyes and women etc.

Saturn
Nature: It has black color, strange eyes, thin and tall body, cruel, impotent, Shudra class, vice, Tamoguni, Vaat Kapha nature and air element.
Signification: It shows back color, father’s brother, jealousy, roguishness, thief, beasts, servants, age, moles, physical strength, practice of Yoga, luxury, renunciation, service and heart diseases etc.

Rahu & Ketu
Nature: They are Vice planets, Chandaal, Tamoguni, Vaat Pitta nature and impotent.
Signification: Dark smoke-like color, grandfather, grandmother, deception, accident, quarrel, theft, snake, abroad, skin diseases, legs, hunger and difficulty in progress etc.

Rahu’s nature is like Saturn and Ketu has Mars-like nature.

Let us have a look at the nature of signs after learning nature and signification of planets.

Aries: Odd, Fiery, Movable, Barren, Violent, Quadruped, Short ascension, Male, Bilious, Forest, Hilly Areas, Head, Brain

Taurus: Even, Earthy, Fixed, Semi Fruitful, Quadruped, Short ascension, Female, Windy, Agricultural Land, Face, Eyes

Gemini: Odd, Airy, Dual, Barren, Human, Double-bodied, Voice, Short ascension, Male, Bile, Wind and Phlegm, Bedroom, Throat, Shoulder, Arms, Lungs

Cancer: Even, Watery, Movable, Fruitful, Mute, Long ascension, Female, Phlegm, Chasm with water, Chest

Leo: Odd, Fiery, Fixed, Barren, Human, Long ascension, Male, Bilious, Forest, Heart, Upper Abdomen

Virgo: Even, Earthy, Dual, Barren, Human, Long ascension, Female, Windy, Mountain, Lower Abdomen, Spleen

Libra: Odd, Airy, Movable, Semi Fruitful, Voice, Long ascension, Male, Bile, Wind and Phlegm, Entertainment Places, Genetelia, Kidney.

Scorpio: Even, Watery, Fixed, Fruitful, Mute, Violent, Centipede, Long ascension, Female, Phlegm, Underground, Excretory Organs.

Sagittarius: Odd, Fiery, Dual, Semi Fruitful, Double – bodied, Quadruped (Second Half), Long ascension, Male, Bilious, Military Places, Thighs, Liver.

Capricorn: Even, Earthy, Movable, Semi Fruitful, Quadruped, Short ascension, Female, Windy, Watery, Knee.

Aquarius: Odd, Airy, Fixed, Human, Voice, Short ascension, Male, Bile, Wind and Phlegm, Porter House, Shin.

Pisces: Even, Watery, Dual, Fruitful, Mute, Double- Bodied, Centipede, Short ascension, Female, Phlegm, Sea, Feet

You have gained enough astrological knowledge by now. Now you are ready for making predictions. We will learn next how this information is used to make future forecasts.

Now, we have studied about houses, planets and signs. Let us have a look at our illustrative birth-chart again.

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Suppose that we want to know about the looks of native. We are aware that ascendant or the first house determines one’s looks. Here, ascendant lord is Saturn because ‘11’ is written in 1st house indicating the sign Aquarius and it is ruled by Saturn. It shows that the Saturn is affecting native’s looks. Saturn is posited in seventh house along with Sun and Mercury in Leo sign. Sun is the lord of Leo too, thus Sun will also affect native’s looks. Saturn’s nature is black, strange eyes, thin and tall body, cruel, impotent, Shudra class, vice, Tamoguni, Vaat Kapha nature and air element. And Sun’s nature is square shape, short height, dark red color, man, warrior class, vice, Sattva Guna, fire element and Pitta nature. So, the native has influences from both these planets.

 

What is Rudraksha – About Rudraksha

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The word Rudraksh as per Hindu mythology has its etymological beginnings in the two Sanskrit words “Rudra” and “Aksha” meaning Lord Shiva and Teardrops respectively. According to a Legend in “Shiv Purana” “, Lord Shiva once went into deep meditation for the well being of all living creatures. When he woke up, he opened his eyes and tear drops fell on the Earth. These tear drops took the form of seeds that later on became the Rudraksha tree. The dry seed-capsules from the Rudraksha tree form the rudraksha beads, which has a lot of religious significance and healing properties.

Religious Significance of Rudraksha

Lord Shiva is depicted wearing rosaries of Rudraksha beads on his head, arms and hands. From here stemmed the religious and spiritual significance of Rudraksha. The seed of Rudraksha is believed to contain the secrets of the entire evolution of the cosmos within it. Followers of Sanatana Dharma, the sages and yogis of the Himalayas, have for centuries worn Rudraksha in their quest for for a fearless life a path to spiritual Enlightenment and Liberation.

Medical Significance of Rudraksha

Rudraksha beads, botanically known as Elaeocarpus Ganitrus Roxb, are the seeds of the fruit from Rudraksha trees. Rudraksha trees are found mainly in Indonesia, Nepal, and India.

Religion meets Science: Since time immemorial Rudraksha beads have been worn by Asian Yogis and Monks because the beads are believed to interact with the body and mind to foster the tranquility and concentration necessary for control over mind during extended periods of meditation. Modern medical research has proven that Rudraksha beads have electro-magnetic properties that have a beneficial influence on the Cardiovascular and Central Nervous Systems. They help reduce stress which is a predominant problem in todays world.

Rudraksha – Planetary and Cosmic Powers?

Rudraksha is often believed to symbolize the link between earth and heaven; it is believed that individuals who wear rudraksha are like Shiva Himsef, Rudra Himself. Whatever he drinks then is what Rudra drinks .The food one eats is equivalent to the food taken by the deties. The food he eats is equivalent to the food partaken by the deities. All sins committed by such an individual are alleviated. One who feels any shame in wearing this divine bead can never be free from the cycle of birth and death even after taking a million births. One who criticizes a Rudraksha wearer is a sinner. No pleasure is greater in the world then wearing a Rudraksha. One who wears the bead is a divine being and all his sins get destroyed

Rudraksha – Types and Their Cosmic Effect

Each Rudraksha has a ruling planet and a special astrological effect. Among the several varieties mentioned 21 are most conspicuous, the rarest is the one faceted or one – mouthed (the one with a single cleft) Rudrasksha. Usually encased in gold and carefully preserved as a family relic by many, it indicates continued well – being and prosperity for the possessor.

While the two – mouthed ones are supposed to have magical, mystic & Hypnotic powers – The powers of being able to influence others, the three mouth ones are said to bring good luck. Wear the four – mouthed one and be an object of desire for the opposite sex. But one more cleft and you will achieve salvation!

The six faceted brings success in business and an absolution of most sins; the seven faceted makes one immune to attack by any weapon. Wear the eight faceted and try your luck of the draw for it is supposed to bring good fortune in ventures of chance – improving powers of speculation.

Want to be the wittiest person around? Wear the 8 faceted – it will subdue your enemies in any war of words – enhanced and powerful communication skills. Wear it if you are a lawyer for it will win you court battles. Spare yourself (and your husband if you happen to be a married woman) from the evils of the world by wearing the ten – faceted. It will safeguard your security and that of your partner’s the list is endless. Rudrakshas are available in different colors white, red yellow and black. Wearing it is considered to be auspicious during lunar and solar eclipses, or on full or new moon days.

You will normally experience positive changes within 45 days of wearing a Rudraksha mala on a daily basis. In 90 days you will feel healthier and more peaceful. From then onwards, your body will experience ongoing cosmic benefits as the Rudraksha beads helping you maintain equilibrium and neutralize the negative effects of stress.

Rudraksha Authenticity test?

Boil the rudraksh in water for continous 6 hours, whether it is real rudraksha there wouldn’t be any effect on the rudraksh bead, else if it is synthetic or two rudrakshs are joined together artificially (in case of Gauri shanker bead), they may get seprate 3 Rudraksh should not be confused with the shape and size. One should fastidiously examine that Rudraksha bead have nicely defined, corns and contours are natural, there aren’t any cracks close to the central hole and the bead has a great health. Smaller measurement can also be considered to be very auspicious.4. Rudraksh Bead shall not be broken from any end.

Rudraksha – Do’s and Don’ts

The mystical power of rudraksha comes with a set of does and don’t like, you shall not exchange the rudraksh mala with anyone. Rudraksh shall be worn in a metal be it silver or Gold or copper or Punchdhatu. It has electrical and magnetic components which enhances when worn with metallic… All Rudraksh beads have the same power; one cannot show that one rudraksh is inferior to other. One can put on the mala of fifty four, 108 beads with totally different Mukhis in consonance with their requirement or start chart.. Rudraksh by no means give adverse energies subsequently they do not have ailing effects. One can wear Rudraksh in a pendant form in Gold, Silver of Thread. Rudraksh shall be kept properly cleaned and oiled.Rudraksh might be stored in ones house or Puja Room to get optimistic energy movement of their house.

Significances of Nava Durga

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Navadurga which literally means nine Goddess Durgas, constitute, according to Hindu mythology, the manifestation of Durga in nine different forms. These nine forms of manifestation are Shailaputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghaṇṭa, Kuṣhmaṇḍa, Skandamata, Katyayani, Kalaratri, Mahagauri and Siddhidatri; together worshipped during the Navratri (Nine Divine Nights) celebration in Autumn each year.

Durga, the Mother Goddess of the Hindus and a form of Devi and Shakti, is believed to have manifested in various forms, and Navadurga Maa are believed to be the most sacred aspects of Goddess Durga. According to a Hindu tradition, it is believed that there are three major forms in which Goddess Durga manifested herself, namely, Mahasaraswati, Mahalakshmi and Mahakali who are the active energies (Shakti) of Brahma, Vishnu and Rudra respectively (without these goddesses the gods will lose all their powers). These three forms of Durga further manifested in three more forms each, and thus emerged the nine forms of Durga, which are collectively called Navadurga or Nine Durgas. Navadurga are famously worshipped during the Autumn Navaratri or the Nine days, initiating the devotees into a period of festivities according to Hindu calendar.

Each one of the Navadurga is known by a particular name and the deity has a particular dhyana-mantra, a mantra for meditation, a free English version of which is mentioned below:

Shailaputri

Shailaputri is the first form amongst the Navadurga or the nine forms of Hindu goddess Parvati or (Shakti), worshipped on first day during the Navratri celebrations – the nine divine nights. She is the first among Navadurgas and the first day of Navratri pooja is dedicated to Durga Shailaputri. Variously known as Sati, Bhavani, Parvati or Hemavati. Maa Shailaputri is the absolute form of Mother Nature. She is also known as Goddess Parvati the consort of Lord Shiva and mother of Ganesha and Kartikeya. In the Navratra festival the worshiping Mother Goddess has a half moon in her forehead & she is holding a trident in her right hand & lotus flower in her left hand. she rides on mount Nandi (bull).

durga_shailaputri

Mythology: She is a daughter of Himalaya and first among nine Durgas. Shailaputri literally means the daughter (putri) of the mountains (shaila). Goddess Durga was born in the house of King of Mountains “Parvat Raj Himalaya”, so she is called “Shailaputri” means the daughter of mountain. Variously known as Sati Bhavani, Parvati or Hemavati, the daughter of Hemavana – the king of the Himalayas.

The embodiment of the power of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, she rides a bull and carries a trident and a lotus in her two hands. In previous birth she was the daughter of Daksha. Her name was Sati – Bhavani. i.e. the wife of Lord Shiva. Once Daksha had organized a big Yagna and did not invite Shiva. But Sati being obstinate, reached there. Thereupon Daksha insulted Shiva. Sati could not tolerate the insult of husband and burnt herself in the fire of Yagna. In other birth she became the daughter of Himalaya in the name of Parvati – Hemavati and got married with Shiva. As per Upanishad she had torn and the egotism of Indra, etc. Devtas. Being ashamed they bowed and prayed that, “In fact, thou are Shakti, we all – Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are capable by getting Shakti from you.”

In some scriptures like Shiva Purana & Devi-Bhagavata Purana the story of Mother Goddess is written as follow: Maa Bhagwati in her earlier birth was born as a daughter of Daksha Prajapati. Then her name was ‘Sati’ and she was married to Lord Shiva. But in a sacrificial ceremony organized by her father Prajapati Daksha, she got her body burnt in the yogic fire, because she could not bear the insult of her husband Lord Shiva by her father Prajapati Daksha in the sacrificial ceremony.

In her next birth she incarnated her as Goddess Parvati, the daughter of Parvat Raj Himalaya and among Nava Durgas she has been referred to as Shailaputri who was again known as Hemavati. In her Hemavati aspect she defeated all prominent gods. Like her previous birth in this life also Maa Shailaputri (Parvati) got married with Lord Shiva. The first and the most prominent among Nava Durgas, Shailaputri is of immense importance and her glories are endless. On the first day of Navratri worship it is she who is worshipped.

She is the Devi of the root chakra, who, upon awakening, begins Her journey upwards. Sitting on Nandi, and making her first journey from the Muladhara chakra. As from her father to her husband – the awakening Shakti, beginning Her search for Lord Shiva or making a move towards her Shiva. So that, In Navratri pooja the first day Yogi’s keep their mind concentrated on Muladhara. This is the starting point of their spiritual discipline. They started their Yogasadha from here. Shailaputri is the Muladhara Shakti to be realized within Self and sought for higher depths, in the yogic meditation.

Shailaputri means the daughter of the Himalaya. SHAILA is the derivative of the word SHILA. Shila means a rock, a stone. It is the rock of spiritual standing and the whole world gets strength from the Shailaputri aspect of Purna Prakriti DURGA.

From the Yogic point of view, the First Navratri is considered to be very auspicious day. This is the Yogic start for being in tune with the Divine Mother Durga. Those who want to have any kind of initiation in the Shakti Mantras, can have it on the First of Shukla Pratipada.

The aspiration of a devotee is to reach higher and further higher, for spiritual evolution, and for the attainment of Siddhi, which is perfection associated with Ananda (bliss). Verily, Shailaputri is the Muladhara Shakti to be realized within Self and sought for higher depths, in the YOGA-maditation. This is an experience in the soul-searching of Immutable within human existence. Shailaputri is the physical consciousness of the Divine Mother Durga. She is truly PARVATI, daughter of the King Hemavana, as described in the Shiva Purana. Shailaputri is the manifestation of this earth planet, which includes what is apparent on this earth, and within the globe. Shailaputri covers all the hills, vales, water resources, seas and oceans, including atmosphere.

Therefore, Shailaputri is the essence of the earthly existence. Her abode is in the Muladhara Chakra. The divine Energy is latent in every human being. It is to be realized. Its color is crimson. The Tattva (element) is Earth, with the Guna (quality) of coherence, and with the Bheda (distinct) characteristics of Ghraana (the smell).

Shailputri Temple is located at A-40/11, Marhia Ghat, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh -INDIA.

 

Brahmacharini

Maa Brahmacharini is the second manifestation of Maa Durga who is worshippied on the second day of Navratri. Here word “Brahm” refers to “Tapa”. So Brahmcharini means Tapa Charini – The one who perform Tapa or penance. It is Said that the “Vedas”, “Tatva” & “Tapa” are synonyms of word “Brahm”. The form of Brahmacharini is tremendously effulgent and extremely majestic.

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She holds a rosary in her right hand and Kamandalu in her left. SHE personifies love and loyalty. Mata Bhramacharni is store-house of knowledge and wisdom. Rudraksha is HER most adorned ornament. When she was incarnated as the daughter of Himalaya, then influenced by the instructions of Devrishi Narada, she practiced very hard penances in order to obtain Lord Shiva as her divine consort. Due to her unearthly penances she was termed as Brahmacharini. She spent one thousand years, only on fruits and beet-roots. One hundred years she spent only by eating leafy vegetables. For a sufficient perfiod of time observing complete fast she suffered tormenting of nature like torrential rains and scorching sun and biting cold, under the open sky. After such a difficult routine she lived only on dry Bilva pattaras (leaves) fallen on the ground for three thousand years. She kept her engrossed for twenty-four hours in worshiping Lord Shiva. After that she gave up eating even these dry leaves. For several thousand years she went on without any food and water. Because she gave up eating dry Bilva leaves so she was known to be Aparna as one of her epithets.

After the hardship of penance for several thousand years her body became extremely lean and thin. She was reduced to skeleton only. Her penance, sharpened as it was, caused great disturbance in all the three worlds. The whole universe was shaken. The Gods, the Rishis, the Siddhas, the Munis all eulogized her penance as an unprecedented virtuous action. Ultimately Lord Brahma through an oracle addressed her and said to her in a very pleasant manner-O Goddess, so far nobody has ever practiced such an austere penance. Only you could have done it. This wonderful deed is being praised in all the four quarters. Your desire would be fulfilled. You will decidedly get Lord Shiva as your divine consort. Now stop your penance and go home. Your father would be shortly coming to take you back.

After Gauri reincarnated as Parvati, she meditated on Lord Shiva to attain him as her husband. Lord Shiva came in a saint’s getup to test Parvati. He then made fun of Lord Shiva which the saint doesn’t know that he himself is Lord Shiva. Parvati gets angry and tries to curse him, but she didn’t, she chanted the “Panchakshari Mantra” of Lord Shiva. The saint changed his real form to Lord Shiva. Parvati was blessed and asked him to marry her, Lord Shiva became emotional when he married Sati, tears were rolling down his eyes, Parvati wiped them away with her hands. Brahmacharini is adorned with flowers and wearing a necklace made of beads, wearing a white saree, wearing “Rudraksh” beads as her necklace and has a fair complexion. In this way, she attained Lord Shiva to be her husband. She is filled with bliss and happiness. Brahmachari means bachelor in male and Brahmacharini means bachlorette in female.

Chandraghanta –

Maa Chandraghanta is the third Shakti of Maa Durga in her forehead, she has a half moon which is in the shape of a bell. Maa Chandraghanta is worshiped on the third day of Navrti Pooja. Those who worship Devi Chandraghanta get eternal strength and be blessed by Devi Maa to be happy through out one’s life.

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Chandraghanta is considered to be a fierce incarnation of Parvati, she killed Dhumralochan, Chand-Mund, Raktabeej, Shumbh-Nishumbh and their demonic hoardes with the help of Goddess Kali, Kaushiki and other Goddesses. She is often known as Chandika, she is always ready for wars, battles and fights against all the demons, monsters, beasts, ghosts, evil spirits, ogres, demonesses, negative energies, elusive powers, mystical forces, and all demon entities. They also flee the battlefield like cowards when they see the violent, ghastly, intense, fierce, fearsome, ferocious, horrifying, terrible, frightful, horrble, terrifying, frightning, fiercest and most dangerous shadow on knowing upon her arrival. Usually, Parvati took this incarnation to kill Demon Dhumralochan and his armies who was sent by Shumbh and Nishumbh to kidnap her daughter, Kaushiki, they all didn’t know that they was all-powerful, she (Parvati) also took this incarnation to destroy Shumbh-Nishumbh and their remaining demon hoardes. Chandraghanta has ten hands holding weapons while the remaining right hand are in the gesture of boon-conferring. Her vehicle is the tiger, adorned with jewelry, wearing a grey saree, wears a crown, having three eyes representing past, present and future and having a fair complexion, she also wears a garland of flowers. Pertaining to have the main Durga look but she is a Mother Goddess filled with kindness. She is also a demon-fighting form of Goddess Durga. She wears a half moon on her forehead. After Kaushiki’s birth from Parvati, Parvati started to take various form to assist Kaushiki in the battle against Shumbh and Nishumbh’s demon messengers. Finally, Kaushiki killed Shumbh and Nishumbh.

Maa Chandraghanta is one Who establishes justice and wears crescent moon on Her head. Because of this bell shaped mark of moon which is present on the fore head of Maa Chandraghanta, Maa is known as Chandraghanta. The colour of her body is golden, she rides on lion who descrides “dharma”, possesses ten hands and three eyes, eight of Her hands display weapons while the remaining two are respectively in the mudras of gestures of boon giving and stopping harm. Devi Maa is posed as to be ready for war. “Chandra Ghanta”  meaning supreme bliss and knowledge, showering peace and serenity, like cool breeze in a moonlit night. By her blessings all the hindrances coming in way of a person are removed. Her pleasant looks clears all sorrows and sadness of her devotees. Her roaring voice alerts and makes the Demons to tremble.

In Durga Pooja the third day of Navratri is very important in Navaratri. This day the mind of the sadhak enters Manipura Cakra. At this stage by the grace of Maa Chandraghanta he becomes capable of seeing unearthly and divine things. He smells the divine fragrance and many types of divine sound become audible to him. On this day and in this stage of discipline the sadhak is required to be most careful.

By the grace of Mother Chandraghanta all sins of the sadhak (striver) are burnt up and obstacles removed. Her worship is instantly fruitful. She is always in a gesture as if ready to proceed for the battlefield and thus she removes the difficulties of devotees very promptly. Her vehicle is lion and so her worshiper becomes valorous and fearless like a lion. The sound of her bell always protects her devotees from evil spirits. As soon as the sadhak invokes her, her bell immediately becomes active and starts ringing to protect the devotee under her shelter.

Kushmanda –

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Kushmanda is the fourth form of Goddess Durga. Devi Maa is worshiped on fourth day during Durga Pooja in Navratri.  Her name goes through like this: Ku – A little, Ushma – Warmth and Anda – The cosmic Egg, in texts, the universe was no more than a void full of darkness until she appears and from the light from her body emerged an uncountable numer of light that spread all around. She is also the provider of light like Lord Surya, the Sun God. Kushmanda used her powers to create the world, after creating the world, she created all Gods (Demi Gods), saints (sages), Kinnars, (Kinnaries) Yakshs, (Yakshinis) fairies, humans, Goddesses and including the Trinity and many more. Kali, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma were created from her grace. Goddess Kushmanda picked Brahma to be with Saraswati for creation, Vishnu with Lakshmi for maintaining and Shiva with Kali for slaughtering the world. Kushmanda is also the consort of Shiva. Kali is the wife of Shiva also, Kushmanda is Adi Shakti herself and reappeared herself as Goddess Chandika by the combination by these three Goddesses. Kushmanda has eight hands holding weapons while the other two pitchers are filled with blood, she also rides the tiger as her vehicle. She wears jewelry, a crown, wears a pink saree and has a fair complexion. She is somewhat like Goddess Bhuvaneshwari, except with her, she has four hands and rules the world.

Goddess Durga is very happy in this incarnation and it is believed that when there is no existence of any creation or universe & there was the eternal darkness, which ended when Maa Kushmanda smiled. So that Maa Kushmanda is known as the creator the whole universe. Maa Kushmanda is also named as “Adi Shakti”. The core of Suraymandala (Sun) is the residence of Devi Maa. She is the only one who has the power & strength to live in the core of Suryaloka (Sun). Her body shines like the glowing Sun. All directions get light from Her Divine smile including the Sun God  itself.  Maa Kushmanda also known as “Ashtabhuja” as she is often depicted as having eight arms. In her seven hands she holds Kamandalu, Bow, Arrow, Lotus, a Jar of Nectar, Discus, and Mace. In her eighth hand she holds a rosary capable of giving eight Siddhis and nine Niddhis. She rides a lion who represents “Dharma”. On worshiping Her ailments and sorrows are eliminated and life span, name, strength and health improved.

Skand Mata –

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Skand Mata is the fifth form of Goddess Durga. Her name goes through like this: Skand – Kartikeya and Mata – Mother. In one myth, Shiva and Parvati’s energy combines into their own forms of nature when meditating. Indra came to know all this and assigns Lord Agni (Fire) to kidnap the ball of energy and keep it for safety from Demon Tarakasur. Agni snuck in the cave and took the energy by deceit and lies in his hands, after meditation, Parvati realizes that Lord Agni took the divine energy and chased after him. Lord Agni vanished with the divine energy and ran to Goddess Ganga. Meanwhile, Parvati came out of the cave and asked the Gods that why Lord Agni stole the divine energy, the Gods answered her that they have to keep it safe from Demon Tarakasur. Parvati gets angry and attains the form of Goddess Shakti with eight hands holding weapons, wearing a red saree, adorned with jewelry, wearing a crown and has fair complexion cursed the Gods that their wives will never be able to enjoy the happiness with their children and with that, curses Lord Agni that he will be an all-burner, unable to diffrentiate the differences between right and wrong and his food will have impurities, he will always be surrounded by black smoke and also curses that in anyone touches him in one of the three worlds, they will get reduced to ashes. Meanwhile, Shiva came out of the cave placated her by telling her to calm down. Skand Mata has four hands, in the first two in which they were raised the two pink lotuses, the right one is slightly raised upwards, the left upper hand is slightly lower, the lower two are in the gestures of fear-dispellings and boon-conferrings. She holds the infant Skand in her lap while the left lower hand is the gesture of boon-conferrings, she has three eyes representing past, present and future and having a fair complexion. She wears a yellow or orange saree, rides the lion as her vehicle. Her son Skand is chosen by Gods as their commander in chief in the war against the demons and Demon Tarakasur. She is regularily known as “The Goddess of Fire”.

Thus being the mother of Skanda she is Skandamata. Worshipping Skandamata has on the fifth day of Navaratra has very iportacefor Yogis & Sadhaks . This day devotee’s mind reaches Visuddha Cakra and stays therein. In her image the Lord Skanda in his infant form is always found. She holds him in her lap.

Using a lion as a vehicle, Mother Goddess has four arms & three eyes. She holds Lord Skanda in her right upper arm and a lotus flower in her right lower hand, which is slightly raised upward. The left upper arm is in a pose to grant boon and in left lower hand, which is raised, she again holds lotus. She is Golden color. She is seated on lotus flower so she is called Padmasana.

The scriptures are very eloquent in glorifying the fifth day of Navaratra period. As the mind of the aspirant, on this day, is in the Visuddha Cakra. So all his actions internal as well as external completely stop and the mind bereft of all thought-waves, is calm like a wave less ocean. It would be advancing towards the state of pure consciousness. It is completely submerged in the meditation of Mother Padmasana, quite devoid of worldly thoughts or coats of Maya. It is time when the aspirant should be most careful and cautious on the path of his Sadhana.

Katyayani –

durga_katyayani

Katyayani is the sixth form of Goddess Durga. According to a legend, Sage Katyayan and his son Katya prayed to Goddess Durga for a boon, when she appeared, Katyayan asked to reincarnate as his daughter in the form of a Goddess. Meanwhile, Sage Katyayan named her daughter as Katyayani to protect the world from terror and evil. When she grew, Brahma gives Mahishasur a boon that he will be killed by a lady and no one else but a lady (Parvati). To fulfill the boon, she has to kill Demon Mahishasur, to kill him, all Gods offered their powers and weapons by having ten or eighteen hands for her. Another tale says that Lakshmi and Saraswati goes into Parvati’s body to kill Mahishasur. Lakshmi’s “Maha Lakshmi” form has eighteen hands bearing weapons in Devi Mahatmyam (Durga Saptashati) she rides a lion and gets ready to kill Mahishasur’s commanders. This form is considered to be Adi Shakti’s incarnation as Mahishasur Mardini (Killer of Mahishasur). Mahishasur Mardini is another name for Goddess Durga/Katyayani. “Jai Jag Janani Maa Durga” serial says that Goddess Durga takes the getup as an unmarried woman then reveals herself to the demons and kills them along with Mahishasur and Kaalkey’s demons had kidnapped Katyayan and Narayani’s child by throwing it up in the air into the ceiling and the baby transformed into an uncountable number of bright suns. The voice cursed Kaalkeyi that he will be killed by a Goddess in the form of a Goddess. Kaalkeyi was terrified and ran here, there and everywhere in the hell. Katyayani has four hands, the raised right hand holds a sword, the upper left holds a trident, the left lower holds a lotus and the lower right hand is in the gesture of fear-dispellings, she wears a green saree, wears a flower garland, adorned with jewelry, having a fair complexion and rides the lion as her vehicle. In Shaktism, she is associated traditionally with the colour red and also associated with the fierce forms of Bhadrakali and Chandika.

She is called Katyayani because she was born as the daughter of Sage Katya of Katya clan. Sage Katyayan performed very hard penance of Maa Bhagvati. It was his wish that Maa Durga born as his daughter. The Goddess acceded to his request. Meanwhile, army of the powerful demon Mahishasura, who could only be killed by a warrior Goddess, had reached heaven to overthrow the Gods from their abode. The trinity of Gods – Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, got infuriated and they created the Goddess Durga, who was a culmination of the powers of all deities. Sage Katyayana had the first privilege to worship her, so she was also named Katyayani.

Another myth goes by that she was born to Katyayana as his daughter on the 14th dark of the month Asvina. Katyayana worshiped her for three days, 7th, 8th and 9th of the bright fortnight in the same month and killed Mahishasur on Vijayadasami. Her worship done with devotion and faith leads to four objects – Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha.

This is the daughter form of Durga. Here is she a loving daughter. She is epitome of love but won’t hesitate to rise up in anger to defend righteousness and Dharma. It is believed that Maa Katyayani persistently battles against the evil and deceitful entities.

She has three eyes and four arms. One left hand holds a weapon and the other a lotus. The other two hands respectively display defending and granting gestures. Her skin appears golden in color. Her mount is a lion.

To get God Krishna as a husband gopis worship Maa Katyayani in Vraj. So she is established as the Queen of Vraj. There is a very famous temple in Delhi (Chhattarpur) of Maa. This shrine is dedicated to Goddess Katyayani, whose “darshan” can be availed only on “Ashtami” falling in every month. Otherwise, the “darshan” of Goddess Katyayani can be made throughout the days of ‘Navratri’. The golden image of Katyayani attracts the attention of devotees with its huge size and sheer divinity.

Kaal Ratri

durga_kalaratri

Kaal Ratri is the seventh form of Goddess Durga. She is the most agressive form of Adi Shakti, also known as destructive form of Shakti/Durga. Kaal Ratri is a War Goddess like Chandraghanta and Durga, she is often known as Kali, means black. When Parvati incarnated as Jagadamba to kill Raktabeej, she saw the great demon Raktabeej who was arrogant about his power, she got angry and incarnated as Kaal Ratri to kill Raktabeej and his clones, she killed him by drinking his blood and beheading without letting a clone of Raktabeej remaining and his blood without letting it fall on the ground and letting another clone of Raktabeej being created. Often, it is said that Kaushiki kills Raktabeej with her sword and Kali drinks up his blood. Parvati again manifested as Kaal Ratri to kill Demon Hund and to protect Ashok Sundari. She is also identified with Bhairavi in Durga Saptashati. In other texts, Kaal Ratri is always ready for wars, battles and fights against all the demons, monsters, beasts, ghosts, evil spirits, demonesses, negative energies, elusive powers, mystical forces, and all demon entities. They also flee the battlefield like cowards when they see the violent, ghastly, intense, fierce, fearsome, ferocious, horrifying, terrible, frightful, horrble, terrifying, frightning, fiercest and most dangerous shadow on knowing upon her arrival. Usually, Parvati took this incarnation to kill Chand and Mund and is called Chamunda (Chamundi). Kaal Ratri has four hands, the raised right hand is holding a trident, the upper left hand holds a sword, the right lower hand is holding a scimitar and the left lower hand holds a weapon made out of thorns. Kaal Ratri often wears a black saree and also wears a garland of severed human skulls which represents the fifty letters of the Sanskrit alphabet or heads, a girdle made out of tiger skin and wearing severed human hands and having a third eye on her forehead.

Kalaratri means the One who is “the Death of Kaal”. Here Kaal is dedicated as time & death. Kalaratri is the one who destroys ignorance and removes darkness. This form primarily depicts that life also has dark side – the violent Mother Nature and creates havoc and removes all dirt. She is also known as Shubhankari.In this form Goddess Kalratri killed Raktabeej. Raktabeej was a demon who could multiply from every drop of his blood which fell on the ground. The Goddess Kaalratri killed him by licking the blood before it could reach the ground and hence conquered him. She endows her devotees with calm and courage.

The complexion of Maa Kalaratri is like dark night with bountiful hair and has four hands. The left two hands holds a cleaver and a torch, and the right two are in the mudras of “giving” and “protecting”. She has necklace is so shining like thunder. She has three eyes which emanate rays like lightning. Flames appear through her nostrils when she inhales or exhales air. Her mount is donkey. Blue,Red, White color should be used to wear on this day.

Appearance of Maa Kalratri is very dangerous. But she always gives good fruits. So devoters should not get afraid of her. Her worship on 7th day of Navratri has very much importavnce to yogies & sadhak. Yogis & sadhaks penance on Shahtra Chakra on this day. For the worshipers on this day door opens of every siddhi in universe.

Maha Gauri -

durga_mahagauri

Maha Gauri is the eighth form of Goddess Durga. Her name goes like this: Maha – Great and Gauri – White. In one text, due to Lord Shiva’s miracle, Parvati turned black like Goddess Kali. Lord Shiva knows that this was a dirty trick he played on. Parvati got very upset and started to cry. Meanwhile, Adi Shakti appears and tries to cheer Parvati up. She tells her to go to Himalaya and do severe penance for Lord Brahma. So Parvati did what Adi Shakti said. She chanted his name for a long time and never stopped. Finally, Lord Brahma appears there and he gives Parvati her fair complexion back and the dark complexion took shape of a Goddess named Kaushiki, therefore she (Parvati) was justified with the name “Maha Gauri”. Maha Gauri has four hands holding trident, a small rattle drum and a lotus, her right lower hand is in the gesture of fear-dispellings. She wears a crown and wears a pink saree.

Maa Durga is worshiped as Maa Mahagauri on eighth Navratri. Mahagauri is the eight form of Goddess Shakti. Her color is white. Whiteners is shown by shell, moon etc. Mahagauri means one clean and bright like a ray of lightning.

Siddhidatri-

durga_siddhidatri

Siddhidatri is the ninth and last form of Goddess Durga. Her name means “Giver of all supernatural powers”. According to one myth. Siddhidatri gave Brahma, Vishnu and Lord Shiva an identity each, creator, caretaker and destroyer. She tells Lord Shiva to meditate on her to be blessed with all eight supernatural powers: Anima (Ability to change the physical size to the smallest), Mahima (Changing the size to the largest), Garima (Becoming infinitely heavy), Laghima (Becoming weightless), Prapti (Having access to all places), Prakambya (Generating any desire), Ishitva (Having sovereign lordship) and Vashitva (Controller of all things). Meanwhile when Lord Shiva was meditating on Siddhidatri for all the eight supernatural powers, Siddhidatri appears and gives him the form of a half man-woman and Lord Shiva will be known as “Ardhnarishwar” (The Lord who is half-Shiva and half-Shakti). Lord Shiva was very happy. Siddhidatri has four hands holding discus, conch shell, trident and mace, wears a red saree, adorned with jewelry, wears a crown, sitting on a fully-bloomed pink lotus as her vehicle.

The Goddess Siddhidatri is capable of giving all sorts of occult powers and is also the possessor of 26 different wishes to grant her worshipers. All these achievements [Siddhi], which according to the Markandaye Purana:- Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Prapti, Prakaamya, Ishitva and Vashitva are 8 siddhis. As per the Brahmavaivart Purana there are 18 types of achievements which are Anima, Mahima, Garima, Ladhima, Prapti, Prakaamya, Ishitva,Vashitva, Sarvakaamaal, Saadhita, Sarvagynatva, DurShravana, Parkaayapraveshan, VakaSiddhi, Kalpavrushatva, Shrishti, Samharkaransaamarthya, Amaratva, Sarvanyayakatva, Bhavana and Siddhi.

Legend has it that the Supreme God Shiva got all these ‘siddhis’ by worshiping Maha Shakti. With her gratitude the half body of Shiva became that of the Goddess Shakti and therefore he also came to be called as ‘Ardhanarishvar’. Dev, Danav, Gandharva, Kinnar, Yaksh, Manav, all do worship Maa Siddhidaatri and attain achievements. Maa Durga removes ignorance and she provides the knowledge to realize That or Brahman. That is why She is surrounded by Siddhas, Gandharvas, Yakshas, Demons and Gods who are worshiping her. The Siddhi that she provides is the realization that everything is Supreme Being or Brahman. If a “sadhaka” worships in the prescribed manner with his full faith he acquires all “Siddhis” and nothing remains unattainable from him in the universe.

Eight forms of Sri Ganesh

8-ganesha-forms

1. Vakratunda

Ganesha’s first avatara is of Vakratunda (twisted trunk) an embodiment of the Absolute Impersonal aspect of Godhood called Brahman in the form of Ganesha.

A demon named Matsara was born out of the Pramaada (Heedlessness) of Indra, the king of Gods.

This demon performed severe penance and invoked the grace of Lord Shiva and obtained the boon of fearlessness from Him.

Having obtained the boon he went about conquering all the three worlds,” He was coronated as the king of Asuras by their preceptor Sukracharya. The defeated gods went to Kailasa and prayed to Lord Shiva for protection. On hearing the mission of gods, Matsara went to Kailas and vaniquished Lord Shiva also.

When the gods were at their wit’s end to know what to do next. Lord Dattatreya came there. He advised the gods to invoke the grace of Lord Vakratunda and imparted to them the secret of the monosyllable mantra Gam. All the gods including Shiva did penance accordingly and at last Lord Vakratunda appeared and assured them that he would subdue the demon. The demon was so terrified at the sight of Vakratunda that he surrendered to Him and sought refuge at His feet. The Lord forgave him, and restored the lost glory and kingdoms to the gods, and to the various kings on earth.

2. Ekadanta

The next incarnation was in the form of Ekadanta (single tusked) who defeated the demon Madasura. The famous sage Chyavana created Madasura.

The Asura sought his father’s permission and went to Sukracharya, who was Chyavana’s brother as well as the preceptor of the Asuras. He prostrated to the Guru and expressed his desire to become the ruler of the whole universe. Sukracharya was pleased with his nephew’s submission and initiated him into the Shakti Mantra Hrim. Madasura did penance on this mantra for thousands of years.

At last the deity of Shakti, appeared, before him and blessed him with the fulfillment of all his desires. Thereafter the demon went about raging battles against all the kings and the gods, and was victorious everywhere. He thus became the ruler of all the three worlds. In his reign, all virtues and righteousness disappeared from the world. He married Saalasa the daughter of Pramada Asura and begot three children in her, viz. Vilasi, Lolupa and Dhanapriya. The worried gods approached Sanat kumara and sought his advice to overcome their plight Sanatkumara instructed them to propitiate Lord Ekadanta and seek his protection.

He also described the glory of Ekadanta thus “Eka stands for Maya the “embodied”. and Danta for Truth (Satta). Thus Ekadanta represents the Supreme Truth which wields the Maya.” The Devas then meditated upon the Lord Ekadanta for hundreds of years. Pleased by their devotion the Lord appeared before them and assured them that He would remove their miseries. Narada, the celestial saint, promptly informed Madasura of the boon given to the gods by the Lord and prompted him to wage war against Ekadanta The demon got ready for a battle with the Lord. But alas as soon as he reached the battlefield and beheld the terrible form of Ekadanta, all his courage drained away and he surrendered to the Lord.

The demon then gave up the worlds held under his reign, and sought the Lord’s protection. The Lord then told Madasura : “Don’t stay in a place where I am worshipped in a Satwic manner. You are free to enjoy the fruits of all actions done with Asuric Bhava”.

3. Mahodara

The third incarnation was of Mahodara who vanquished Mohasura, the demon of Delusion and Confusion. Once again the mouse was the mount of Ganesha.

The confused nature of this tale makes it difficult to understand exactly what was going on. It seems that once Shiva was sunk in meditation for ages and showing no signs of coming out of it. Meanwhile, the gods were in need of help. Parvati therefore assumed an alluring form and wandered round his meditating spot. Shiva was brought back to normal wakeful consciousness by this act and she abandoned the alluring ‘cover’ so as to speak. This abandoned energy form became a demon in its own right over the ages and Ganesha subdued it.

Shiva and Parvati are the parents of Ganesha, so the psychological implications of this tale make the head spin. Mohasur worshipped the Sun God and attained the name of Daitya Raja meaning King of the Demons. He also conquered all the three worlds… “All the gods, sages hid in caves and jungles in fear of him. There was anarchy all over. At this time Surya, Sun God advised all the gods to worship Mahodara ie, Ganesha. “All the Gods and the Sages started worshiping Mahodara. Ganesha was pleased and granted them with a boon, saying that he would slay Mohasur himself. When Shukracharya heard this, he told Mohasur to surrender in front of Mahodara. Lord Vishnu also explained to Mohasur that if he surrendered he will not be killed or destroyed.

That’s why he should accept the friendship of Mahodara. By saying this he started praising and singing the glories of Lord Lambodara. “Listening to this Mohasur became frightened and he requested Lord Vishnu to bring Mahodara giving him due honour and respect. When Lord Mahodara arrived, Mohasur greeted and welcomed him with pomp and gaiety. He sang his praises and asked for forgiveness for his evil sins. Mohasur promised the gods that he would return them their Swargalok and assured that he would be always on the path of righteousness.

He also assured them that henceforth, he would not a dare to harass the Gods and Sages. Listening to this Lord Mahodara was pleased and commanded him to go back to Pataal lok and never return again. All the Gods and the Sages were elated, They all started singing the praise of Lord Mahodara.

4. Gajanana

Equally perplexing in the tangled web of intergenerational sexuality is the next tale, of the avatar of Gajanana or Gajavaktra who defeated the demon Lobhasura (Greed or Covetousness).

Gajanana means “the Lord with an elephant face”, and Lobha was the demon of greed. Kubera, the Treasurer of the heavens, once visited Kailasa, the abode of Lord Shiva.

There he was blessed with the vision of the Lord and Goddess Parvati. Parvati was so beautiful that Kubera looked at Her with lustful eyes. The Mother became angry at this, and Kubera shivered with fear. From the fear of Kubera, there manifested a demon named Lobhasura. Lobhasura descended to the world of Asuras, where he received his education from Sukracharya, the guru of Asuras.

He was initiated into the mantra “0m Namah Shivaya”. The demon then performed penance and in due course the Lord appeared and blessed him with the boon of fearlessness. The demon Lobha now went about conquering the three worlds and became the sovereign ruler. He sent word to Lord Shiva that he would like to rule over Kailas, and that it would be better if He relinquished His abode. The Lord thought for a while and decided to leave His abode.

The gods, tyrannised by the demonic rule, approached sage Raibhya who instructed them to pray to Lord Gajaanana. The Devas invoked the grace of the Lord and sought His protection. The Lord blessed them, and sent Vishnu as His messenger to the demon to apprise him of the strength of Gajaanana Lobhasura was convinced of the Lord’s strength and surrendered without putting up a fight.

5. Lambhodara

Once upon a time Lord Vishnu had assumed the form of Mohini, the enchantress, to delude the demons. When Lord Shiva beheld this seductive form. He was struck with passion.

Vishnu immediately gave up the Mohini form and assumed His usual form. Shiva became sad and angry. Out of the seeds of His disappointment was born a terrible demon Krodhasura.

This demon invoked the grace of the Lord Sun and became a powerful king. He married “Preeti” the beautiful daughter of Sambara and begot two sons in her—- Harsha and Soka.

The gods undertook penance to invoke the grace of Lord Ganesha in the form of Lambodara. The Lord appeared before them and for the sake of the world, subdued Krodhasura.

 6. Vikata

His next incarnation was of Vikata(”The mishappen”), who subdued Kama, the demon of desire.

The demon named Kamasura, i.e. the embodiment of lust, was born out of the seeds of Lord Vishnu. Like all other demons he was accepted by the preceptor Sukracharya as his disciple. Kamasura performed penance on Lord Shiva and after long and arduous austerities he was blessed by the Lord.

He became the supreme ruler of the three worlds. He was ceremoniously married to Trishna, the daughter of Mahishasura, and begot two sons in her, viz. Soshana and Dushpoora.

The Devas, tormented by his rule, approached Mudgala Rishi for showing them a way out. The teacher advised them to meditate on the mantra OM at a place called Mayuresa Kshetra. Pleased by their devotion. Lord Ganesha appeared to them in the form of Vikata, and brought about their salvation.

7. Vighnaraja

The 7th incarnation of Ganesha Vighnaraja had a very unusual mode of conveyance – a Sheshnaag or Shasha. In this lifetime Ganesha managed to subdue the demon Mamasur (also known as Mamtasur or Mama), the demon of the ego.

This is His (Ganesha’s) most popular incarnation, known as The Remover of Obstacles. Riding his vehicle called Sheshnag, a serpent, he strode into battle with Mamtasur, and overcame him.” Parvati Devi, the daughter of Himavan, was married to Lord Shiva.

After the marriage, one day when She was relaxing in the company of Her friends. She burst out in laughter in a playful mood, and out of Her laughter was born a handsome male form He prostrated to the Mother She was surprised at this manifestation of the form and asked him who he was and what he wanted. He said that he was born from Her laughter and asked Her as to how he could serve Her. She named him Mama, as he was born out of her outburst, when She was swayed by “Maan”, the sense of I-ness, Ego. She then instructed him to remember Lord Ganesha always, who would fulfill all his desires.

Mama retired to the forests to meditate on Lord Ganesha. On the way, he met Sambara Asura, who managed to allure him into the Asuric cult and initiated him into the demonic methods of worship. Thus Mama of angelic nature became Mamasura, the demon. He married Mohini, the daughter of an Asura chief in due course he became the ruler of alt the three worlds.

The Devas who were exiled from their worlds propitiated Lord Ganesha, Who incarnated as Vighnaraja, subdued Mamasura and established righteousness and peace.

8. Dhoomravarna

Ganesha has a mouse as his mount here. His life mission this time around was to defeat the demon Ahamkarasur, the demon of self-infatuation.

Once, Brahmaji, the grandsire, bestowed on the Sun deity, the lordship over the ‘world of activities’. One day, a thought dawned in the mind of Sun: “All the worlds are governed by Karma—-activities; and by virtue of my being the Lord of Karma Rajya, I can consider myself to be the supreme governor of all the worlds.

As this thought passed his mind, he happened to sneeze and out of the sneeze there arose a demon. He went down to the world of Asuras and Sukracharya gave him the name “Aham” on account of his birth from the ego of Sun.

He meditated on Lord Ganesha, who appeared before him in the form of Dhumravarna and blessed him to be the sovereign ruler of all the three worlds. Aham married “Mamata”, daughter of Pramadasura, and begot two sons in her named Garva and Sreshta.

Tired of the demonic rule of Aham, the Devas meditated upon Lord Ganesha for salvation, and the Lord descended to their rescue- Ere long, Lord Ganesha in the form of Dhoomravarna subdued the demon Aham.

Reasons for delay in marriage and remedies

The 7th house mainly refers to marriage, wife or husband and marital happiness. So any afflictions to this house or it’s lord cause delay in marriage and even sometimes denial.

If 7th house under influence of Mars by aspect or placement it give rise to manglik or kuja dosha. When Mars is placed in 1st, 2nd, 4th, 7th, 8th and 12th house from Lagna one is said to be a manglik, but some astrologer consider this position of Mars from moon i.e. Chandra Lagna and from Venus too.

Not only mars negative influence only cause affliction to 7th house but other aspect and placement of other natural malefic planets like Saturn, Rahu, Ketu and Sun also equally exert same negative results. Placement of 7th lord also determines the married life if lord of 7th house is in dushtana’s i.e. 6, 8 or 12th it also hampers one’s married life. Karkas of 7th house in males which is Venus and in case of females is Jupiter also plays significant role in judging the married life.

If karka of a house is placed in that house then it destroys the affects of that house, so when Venus is placed in 7th house of a male it is harmful for married life and if Jupiter which is kark of marriage in the case of females is placed in the said house then it cause obstructions in marriage and problems in married life.
There are few general combinations which cause delays in marriage which are mentioned below:

1) If Saturn is either in 1st, 3rd, 5th,7th , 10th from Lagna or Moon sign and if Saturn does not have beneficial houses.

2) A malefic in the 7th house, Saturn, or even Mars in own sign delays marriage.

3) If Mars and Venus combine in 5th , 7th or 9th house, but receive evil aspect from Jupiter.

4) If the 7th lord and Jupiter are aspected by Saturn.

5) Malefics in either side of 7th house also cause delays in marriage in this case 7th house comes under papkirti yoga.

6) If Lagna, Sun and Moon are under malefic aspects.

7) When 7th lord is posited in 6th, 2nd and 12th from 7th house, girl’s marriage is delayed. This is a powerful yoga for delayed marriage and is further strengthened when malefic associates with 7th lord or in the 7th house.

8) Rahu and Venus in Lagna or in 7th house or Mars and Sun in the 7th house with other afflictions cause delay in marriage.

9) When Sun, Moon and the 5th lord are in conjunction with or aspected by Saturn.

10) If the 7th lord, Lagna and Venus fall in barren signs viz. Gemini, Leo, Virgo and Sagittarius.

11) Venus conjoins Moon aspected by Mars and Saturn and the 7th house is not aspected by Jupiter or malefic in 1st , 7rh and 12th houses.

12) Saturn in 2nd, Rahu in 9th , 7th lord and a malefic in the 3rd house.
SOME REMEDIAL MEASURES TO OVERCOME DELAYS IN MARRIAGE:-
i) Girls whose marriages are getting delayed should do ‘Gouri Puja’ and repeat the stotram as many times possible before the portrait of goddess Durga Devi.

ii) If Dasha of a particular planet afflicts the 7th house of a native, he/she should propitiate deity to the planet and seek relief.

iii) Girls whose marriage is delayed due to manglik dosha should adopt the remedial measures intended for Propitiating the Goddess for expediting the marriage.

First is the chanting of sri Mangala Chandika Stotra by the girls before five-faced lamp. Second is doing Parvati Swayamvara sloka on every Friday evening before panchamukhi deepam.

Then navagraha yogya should be performed, specially for Mars and it’s lord Bagalamukhi devi. With these Rudravishek should be performed for better result.

iv) Boys who are facing delays in marriage they should worship Goddess lakshmi as she is significator of planet Venus karka for marriage.

v) They should keep fast on Fridays to appease the Planet Venus.

vi) Both boys and girls must take the remedies of responsible planet.

NAVAGRAHA SHANTI

Remedies for Sun / Surya Graha Shanti

It is believed that Surya has been worshipped since ages to receive the kind blessings of God. Surya is considered as the only visible form of God that can be seen every day. God Surya is regarded as an aspect of Shiva and Vishnu by Shaivites and Vaishnavas respectively. Surya is also known as Surya Narayana. Surya, the Sun God is also acknowledged as one of the eight forms of Lord Shiva (Astamurti). Surya is the lord of excellence and wisdom. Sun is also considered to be the kind of planets. Surya represents soul, will-power, fame, the eyes, general vitality, courage, kingship, father, highly placed persons and authority etc. Let us have a look at the remedies for Surya or Sun related troubles and during the dasa or antardasa of sun:
1. Worship the ruling deity Lord Surya
2. Recite Adyta Hridaya Stotra or Gayatri Mantra every day.
3. Japa of Sun’s moola mantra: “Om hram hreem hroum sah suryaya namah”, 6000 times in 40 days.
4. Recite the Soorya Stotra.
5. Charity: Donate wheat or sugar candy on Sunday.
6. Observe fasts on Sundays.
7. Ritual: Rudrabhishek.
8. Rudraksha: Put on Ekamukhi or 12 mukhi Rudraksha
9. Jadi for Sun: Bel (बेल), Bent (बेंत)
10. Gemstone: Ruby

Remedies for Moon / Chandra Graha Shanti

According to ancient science of Vedic astrology, Moon or Chandra depicts mind and brain, feelings, emotions, sensitivity, softness, imagination, queen and mother. The waxing moon is believed to be benefic, while the waning moon is considered to be malefic. Moon is lord of three nakshatras or lunar mansions: Rohini, Hasta and Shravana. Chandra rules over the sign Karka (Cancer), while he is exalted in Vrishabha (Taurus) and in his fall in Vrishchika (Scorpio). Chandra has the following associations: the color white, the metal silver and the gemstones pearl and moonstone. His element is water, direction is north-west and season is winter. The Food Grain associated with him (One of Nava Dhanyas) is Rice. Let us have a look at remedies for Chandra or Moon related problems and during the Dasa or Antardasa of Moon:

1. Recite Annapurna Stotram.
2. Worship the ruling deity Shiva.
3. Chant Moon’s ‘moola mantra’: Om shram sreem shraum sah chandraya namah, 10,000 times in 40 days.
4. Recite the Chandra stotra.
5. Jadi: Khirni(Khirika) Mool
6. Rudraksha: Wear 2 mukhi Rudraksha.
7. Pooja: Devi pooja.
8. Fasting: On Mondays.
9. Charity: Donate cow’s milk or rice on Monday.
10. Gemstone: Pearl

Remedies for Mars / Mangal Graha Shanti

In Vedic astrology, Mars or Mangal is believed to signify drive and physical energy, self-confidence and ego, strength, anger, impulsiveness, heroism and adventurous nature. Mangal is the ruler of blood, muscles and bone marrow. He is also related with battle, war and soldiers. As per Vedic astrology, Mars is considered as malefic by nature. “Mangal Dosha” is known as very dreaded concept of astrology. It asserts if a person having Mangal Dosh in their birth-charts marry someone who is not Mangali, it can cause death of spouse, strife, lack of prosperity and incur many other troubles. Remedies to be performed for Mangal or Mars related problems and during the dasa or antardasa of Mars:
1. Worship the ruling deities Kartikeya and Hanuman.
The Kartikeya mantra: “Om Saravanabhavaya Namah”
The Hanuman mantra: “Om Ham Hanumate Namah”
2. Worship Bagalamukhi Devi with homan and japa.
3. Recite Kartikeya Stotra or Hanuman Chalisa.
4. Japa of the Mars mantra: Om kram kreem kroum sah bhaumaya namah, 7000 times in 40 days.
5. Recite the Mangala stotra.
6. Charity: Donate Masoor dal (red lentils) on Tuesdays.
7. Fasting: On Tuesdays.
8. Pooja: Kartikeya pooja or Rudrabhishekha.
9. Rudraksha: Wear a 3 mukhi Rudraksha.
10. Gemstone: Coral (Moonga)
11. Jadi: Anant Mool

Remedies for Mercury / Budh Graha Shanti

According to Hindu mythology, Budha or Mercury is considered to be the son of Moon. As per Vedic astrology, Mercury is believed to have benefic nature. However, if it conjoins with any malefic planet, it becomes malefic. Budh is the lord of Gemini and Virgo. Budh or Mars depicts intellect, communication, analysis, the senses (especially the skin), science, mathematics, business, education and research etc. The remedies for Budha or Mercury related problems and during his Dasa and Antardasa are as follows:

1. Worship Lord Vishnu.
2. Recite Vishnu sahasranama stotra.
3. Japa of the Budha beeja mantra: Om bram breem broum sah budhaya namah, 17000 times in 40 days.
4. Recite the Budha stotra.
5. Charity: Donate Udad dal on Wednesday.
6. Fasting: On Wednesdays.
7. Pooja: Vishnu pooja.
8. Rudraksha: Wear a 10 mukhi Rudraksha.
9. Jadi: Briddha-darak Mool
10. Gemstone: Emerald

Jupiter Remedies / Guru Graha Shanti

Jupiter is also known as Guru or Brihaspati in Vedic astrology. Hindu scriptures confer him with title of Guru of Gods. Guru or Brihaspat is considered to be the most benefic planet as per Hindu astrology. Jupiter is lord of Sagittarius (Dhanu) and Pisces (Meena). He is believed to be exalted in Cancer and Capricorn. Jupiter or Guru signifies religion, spirituality, philosophy, knowledge and karma etc. Remedies for Guru or Jupiter related problems and during the dasa or antardasa of Guru are as follows:

1. Worship ruling deity Dakshinamurty (for Shaivayats) or Narayan (for Vaishnavas).
2. Recite Shri Rudram.
3. Japa of the Guru beeja mantra: Om gram greem groum sah gurave namah, 16000 times in 40 days.
4. Recite the Guru stotra.
5. Donate: Saffron or turmeric or sugar on Thursdays.
6. Fasting: On Thrusdays.
7. Pooja: Rudrabhishekam.
8. Rudraksha: Wear a 5 mukhi rudraksha.
9. Jadi: Bamanhati or Brahma-jasthi root
10. Gemstone: Yellow sapphire

Venus Remedies / Shukra Graha Shanti

As per Vedic astrology, Shukra or Venus is considered to be a benefic planet by nature. Shukra is the lord of Taurus and Libra signs. In Pisces, it is believed to be exalted and debilitated in Virgo. Venus or Shukra is the significator of love, marriage, art, the opposite sex, artistic talent, music, dances, luxuries and material life etc. Remedies for Shukra or Venus related problems and during the dasa or antardasa of Venus are as follows:

1. Worship ruling deity Goddess Laxmi (Lakshmi).
2. Chant Shukra beeja mantra: Om dram dreem droum sah shukraya namah, 20000 times in 40 days.
3. Recite Shree Sooktam or Devi stuti.
4. Recite the Shukra stotra.
5. Donate clothes or dairy cream or curd to a lady on Friday.
6. Fasting: On Fridays.
7. Pooja: Lakshmi poojan.
8. Wear a 9 mukhi Rudraksha.
9. Jadi: Rambasak root
10. Gemstone: Diamond

Saturn Remedies / Shani Graha Shanti

Saturn or Shani is most dreaded planet. As per Vedic astrology, Shani is believed to be the son of Surya or Sun. Shani is considered to be the strongest malefic and a stern teacher who represents patience, effort, endeavour, and endurance; and who brings restrictions and misfortunes. However, a favourably-placed Shani on the horoscope of a person stands for a strong career, healthy life and everything positive for that person. Shani is believed to be exalted in Libra and debilitated in Aries. Remedies for Shani or Saturn related problems, Sadhe Sati and during the dasa or antardasa of Shani are as follows:

1. Worship Lord Hanuman or Lord Bhairo.
2. Recite Hanuman chalisa or any other Hanuman stotra.
3. Japa of Shani mantra: Om pram preem proum sah shanaischaraya namah, 19000 times in 40 days.
4. Recite the Shani stotra.
5. Donate a buffalo or black til (sesame seeds) on Saturday.
6. Fasting on Saturdays.
7. Pooja: Hanuman pooja.
8. Wear a 14 mukhi Rudraksha.
9. For all Saturn related troubles, Dasharatha Shani Stotra of is an excellent remedy.
10. Jadi: Shwet Berela root
11. Gemstones: Blue-sapphire
12. Perform thilabhishekam on sanitrayodasi, sanijayanthi (pushya masam bahula astami) and saniamavasya days.

Rahu Remedies / Rahu Graha Shanti

According to Vedic astrology, Rahu does not own any sign. It is friends with Saturn, Mercury and Venus. It is neutral towards Mars, Jupiter. It is the enemy of Sun and Moon. It is important to note that Rahu is more inimical to Sun as compared to Moon. For Rahu related problems and during the dasa or antardasa of Rahu:

1. Worship lord Bhairava or lord Shiva.
2. Recite the Rahu stotra.
3. Chant Rahu beeja mantra: Om bhram bhreem bhroum sah rahave namah, 18000 times in 40 days.
4. Recite the Kalabhairav asthakam.
5. Donate: Udad dal or coconut on Saturdays.
6. Fasting on Saturdays.
7. Pooja: Bhairav or Shiva or Chandi pooja.
8. Wear An 8 mukhi Rudraksha.
9. One of the most effective remedies for Rahu is recitation of the first chapter of Durga Saptasati.
10. Jadi: White sandel root(shwet chandan)

Ketu Remedies / Ketu Graha Shanti

As per Vedic astrology, Ketu depicts positive and negative karmic accumulations, spirituality and occultism. Many astrologers believe Ketu as the significator of Moksha or Nirvana. It is considered both malefic and benefic by Vedic astrologers. Remedies for Ketu related problems and during the dasa or antardasa of Ketu:

1. Worship the ruling deity Sri Ganesha.
2. Recite the Ketu stotra everyday.
3. Chant Beeja mantra of Ketu: Om shram shreem shroum sah ketave namah, 7,000 times in 40 days.
4. Recite Ganesha Dwadasanama Stotra.
5. Donation: A black cow (Syama Gaay) or black mustard seeds on Thursday.
6. Fasting: On Thursdays.
7. Wear a 9 mukhi rudraksha.
8. Recitation of Shiva Panchakshari Stotra is also considered a very good remedy for Ketu.
9. Jadi: Ashwagangha tree root
10. Gemstone: Cats eyestone